This study tends to examine the Effects
of Globalization on Industrial Relations Practice with special reference
to John Holt Plc.
To achieving this, related literature was cited on Globalization.
Descriptive research design approach was
employed for the research design and a simple random sampling technique
was used in selection of respondents.
A sample of Thirty-Five (35) respondents
was selected from the population study. Fifty (35) questionnaires were
administered to the staff of John Holt Plc.
The research instrument used are the
questionnaire, frequency distribution; percentage and chi-square were
methods of data analysis used for the study.
The three research hypotheses tested
resulted to reject the null hypotheses and concluding that Globalization
has effects on industrial Relations Practice, Globalization brings
about industrial stability, growth and development. And finally,
Globalization leads to industrial peace and enhance economic growth and
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.1 Historical Background:
1.2 Objectives of Study
1.3 Statement of Problem
1.4 Research Questions
1.5 Research Hypothesis
1.6 Scope And Limitation Of The Study
1.7 Definition Of Terms
2.1 Theoretical Concept
2.2 Defination Of Industrial Relations
2.3 Industrial Relation System Frame Work
2.4 Structure Of Industrial Relations
2.5 Structure Of Industrial Relations (Fig 2)
2.6 Labour Law And Social Security
2.7 Labour Act Cap 1981 to 1990
2.8 Trade Union
2.9 State And Industrial Relations
3.1 Research Design
3.2 The Study Population
3.3 Sample Size And Sample Procedure
3.4 Research Instrumentation/Data Collection
3.5 Sources Of Data
3.6 Administration Of The Questionnaire
3.7 Direct Interview
3.8 Statistical Tool Applied In Data Analysis
PRESENTATIONAL AND ANALYSIS OF DATA
4.1 Analysis Of Research Question
4.2 Test Of Hypothesis One
SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUTION
5.0 Summary Of Findings
Virtually everything in our society
depends on information technology. Efficiency and industrial growth can
be enhanced with information technology.
Technology innovations have entirely
change economic socio-cultural and political forces of the world moving
towards world's integration. Enterprises or Organization divided against
itself shall not stand, due to this organization should come together
and work towards achieving the objectives and goals of the organization.
Organization has to work harmoniously for the interest of all the stake
holders in the industry which includes workers, employers government.
Society state etc.
Globalization deals with the concept of
information transmission to individuals corporate investors through
electronic system that tend to integrate the corporate goal with the
National and international economic through trade, Foreign investment
capital inflows, migration technological spread. It is the
internationalization of everything related to different countries
information technology brought about new dimensions in services rendered
with the use of computer greatly reduce the normal work done and brings
about specialization increase in productivity and efficiency.
The advent of internet. E-mail. Page
maker and communication has formed the world into a global village
whereby cost of communication is drastically reduced.
Globalization embrace facilities such as
online training, computer generated compensational benefit recruitment,
intentional stock market and exchange mobile tribune etc which as
greatly to many international organization.
1.1 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND:
The Vision began in 1962 when John Holt,
just under 21 years Old with ₤27 his pocket take up appointment as a
shop assistant in a grocery store in Fernando Pothe present equatorial
Guinea, Five years later, he bought out his employer and subsequently
builds up a produce trade with the Delta ports.
Palm oil, Palm kernel, rubber and cocoa were exported to England.
Imports include textile from Brigham in 1897 John Holt established his first venture in Lagos.
Lip to the Second World War much of John
Holt business. was in distribution and export of produce. A fleet of
ship operated a fort mightily service from Liverpool to West Africa and
the company also had its own fleet of river craft.
These river craft carry produce,
merchandise and cash where Banks do not exist. The company had strong
rooms even after Banks were established many Nigerian preferred to
deposit their cash and valuable with John Holt.
In 1961 John Holt and company (Liverpool) limited was in co-operated in Nigerian as John Holt limited.
The company logo consist of brass manna, Previously used in some parts of
Nigeria as currency and a fine star, which signifies the groups link or
connection with Liverpool (U.K).
John Holt is a well established name in
Nigeria and has been an important participation in many areas of the
economy. Their interests are managed in two operations divisions.
TECHNICAL PRODUCT AND LEASING SERVICES
A market leaders in various fields:
i Holt engineering specializes
in sales leasing and maintenance of large power generating and related
equipment (F.G) Wilson diesel and gas generations.
ii Startek sells, hires and services air conditioners and other cooling equipment
iii Marine leases and service vessels. (Almarine boats and shrgsby aviation over crafts)
iv Fire protection sells ANGNS fire U.K and Rosenbauer fire fighting equipment.
Benefit derived from John Holt leasing include the release of funds, Better
cash flow, assured budgeting less tax and provision of alternative, equipment
in case of prolonged breakdown.
John Holt leasing offers an impressive
list of equipment, cars pick-ups, Buses, Trucks, Water tankers, Boat,
Hover craft, Fire fighting equipment e.t.c.
The motors leasing unit can structure
and package leases of varying vehicles and tenures (6-36 months).
Replacement clauses are also included to ensure that the customer does
not accumulate business down time unnecessarily.
DISTRIBUTIONS: Dominant player in the distribution and warehouse of a
wide range of consumer and light industrial goal.
YAMACO: Distribution of a full range of Yamaha products, Include motorcycles, Out-board engines, Generators and Multi-purpose engines.
ALMARINE: Build fiberglass boats to order for sales / lease.
JOHN HOLT SHII'PING SERVICES
It is a major provider of shipping, fright forwarding, clearing and ware housing services.
The group head (central) is responsible
for the management of the group's portfolio of properties across the
country, finance insurance, manpower development, training and statutory
PRODUCTS AND SERVICES
The group has undergone a major
restructuring exercises and is now focused in the market sector where it
can achieve leadership. The restructuring exercises reflect the
emerging trend in market competition, consumer orientation in the light
of the layer macro-economic and social realities and the group's core
business and competences.
Redeployment of staff within and across
divisional boundaries has also been carried out to ensure that staffs
are in functions and positions where they can make optimum use of skills
The sum of these is the strengthening of
the group to make it further quicker and more flexible in responding to
market opportunities and deriving fully the benefit of economic of
scales and synergy.
The group's interests are managed in the following divisions / units.
TECHNICAL PRODUCT & LEASING SERVICES DISTRIBUTION
i JOHN HOLT ENGINEERING
ii JOHN HOLT LEASING
iii JOHN HOLT FIRE PROTECTION
v JOHN HOLT VENTURES
vi JOHN HOLT SHIPPING
JOHN HOLTS MISSION STATEMENTS
"Our mission is to engage in industrial
commercial and other related business that provide goods and service
that best meet the needs of Nigerian markets, with the satisfactory
return to our shareholders to provide rewarding careers to our employees
through quality of work. Life that enhance their commitment to the
company and enables them to fulfill their development needs to provide
support for social action that promotes general well being and through
the foregoing strengthen our conditions to Nigeria economic, Industrial
and social development.
Improving the quality of social and
community fife is an integral part of our co-operate mission. Our
activities are at the fore front of Nigeria's economic and social
We are actively involved in partnership
with numerous communities around the country in promoting cultural
activities and peaceful co-existence, as well as strengthen national
unity and community bonds.
We support several charities and community groups with cash and linked donations to enables them achieve their goals.
At John Holt we never forget that we are
not just only a company we are part of the community. The company's
responsiveness to social needs has recognize John Holt as a formidable
force in the economic and social advancement of Nigeria.
Substantial investment has been made in
information technology. A major benefit accruing from the company's
information system is the elastic capacity to develop a database in key
arcs of management of the business as well as improving total process
performance within the new system, The group has strengthened its
position as a frontline contender in each product group and market
sector in which it operates.
The company's remain committed to make
sure that employees are adequately remunerated and that they work in the
most rewarding environment. The annual appraisal processes identify -
training and development need for each employees. The annual training
programs are designed to meet these needs and, In this regard, extensive
training program include internal and external course are carried out.
The group as undergone a major
restructuring exercise. The restructuring exercise reflect the emerging
trend in market competition consumer orientation in the light of large
macro--economic and social realities and the group's core business and
A redevelopment of staff within and
across divisional boundaries as also been carried out to ensure that
staff are in functions and position where they can optimal use of their
skills and competences.
1.2 OBJECTIVES OF STUDY
i. To discuss the essence of globalization.
ii. To discuss the future of globalization.
iii. To discuss the new development on globalization.
iv. To evaluate advantages and disadvantages of globalization.
v. To highlight the concept of globalization to date.
vi. To review the area of globalization in industrial relations.
vii. To determine globalization effect on industrial relations.
1.3 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
The present day business world in faced
with competition. Provision of wider product and services that are
deliver through technological innovation. Expectation from practices and
the general people contribute to the reason for the study.
i. What is the concept and effect of globalization on industrial Relations Practice.
ii. What are the problems faced by Industrial Relations Practitioner in reviewing their operational method?
iii. How could globalization be review?
iv. What are the suggestion and problem of globalization on industrial Relations Practice?
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTONS
It is-statement that captures the main question of he study to be verified ascertain
- How has globalization contributed to industrial Relation?
- Does globalization facilitate dispute settlement?
- What impact has globalization on the economy?
- Does globalization reduces industrial conflicts?
1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS
Ho: Globalization has no effects on industrial Relations Practice
Hi: Globalization has effects on industrial Relations Practice
Ho: Globalization does not brings about industrial stability, growth and development.
Hi: Globalization brings about industrial stability, growth and development.
Ho: Globalization does not lead to industrial peace and enhance economic growth and development.
Hi: Globalization lead to industrial peace and enhance economic growth and development.
1.6 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
Due to time constraint this study is being restricted to multinational company referred to as JOHN HOLT NIG. LTD.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
INTERNET: It is a
computer network system comprises many stations lanced together and are
controlled or share resources available through the informational bank
called Data Bank "Central Computers".
GLOBALIZATION: It is concerned with increasing the interconnected and
interdependent world .n international
trade, management, Administration, investment and finance that have been
growing much faster than national incomes (Wolfensoh, 2001).
It is use of electronic system for processing and transfer or
disseminates information. There include computer, Telecommunication etc.
WEBSITE: It is an address of an individual or Organization and service Offered.
ONLINE: It is the method of passing or obtaining information on the computer within and out side the company.
NETWORK: It is a system whereby people indifferent locations are linked together via computer
INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS: Is
the Complex interrelationship existing among stakeholders. i.e.
government, workers, managers and other interrelationship workers.
SYSTEM: It is the interrelationship existing within a body i.e. interconnectivity of various component.
CONFLICT: It is the disagreement between component that form an organization i.e. workers and management, labour and government etc. ORGANIZATION: It is a system through which individual effort channel toward attainment of a major goal or objective.
TRADE UNION: It is an organization of employee to take care of member's needs 1 interest.
PRODUCTIVITY: It is the ratio or proportion of output to input.