5 brands of sachet water
samples were purchased
from wholesale depots in
minna, Physicochemical analysis was carried
out on them
to ascertain their
wholesomeness using standard methods
. Results obtained
showed a consistent
pH range of
6.00-7.87 for all
samples, Total Solids (TS)
were between 25.00mg/L
-187.5mg/L, Total Dissolved
Solids (TDS) (26.20mg/L122.20mg/L), Acidity
(0.10-0.80mg/L), Total hardness
(2.00mg/L-43.00mg/L) and Conductivity (35.00µS/cm) -257.00µS/cm). The
results showed that
an effective quality
control system and
a high level
of sanitation in all
the production depots.
Background to the Study
to Traven (2000) water is defined as a liquid substance that is clear,
colourless and odourless, capable of existing in a liquid, solid and gaseous
phase. It is a basic necessity of life, second to air, because it serves as a
source of nourishment to man, animals, micro organisms and even plants. Water
is also considered to be an essential ingredient for human survival and
development throughout history (Biswas, 2005).
to safe drinking water is key to sustainable development and essential to food
production, quality health and poverty reduction (Chaurasia and Tiwari, 2011).
Safe drinking water is essential to life and a satisfactory safe supply must be
made available to consumers (Verma et al., 2012).
et al., (2008) reported that in many developing countries, availability of
water has become a critical and urgent problem and it is a matter of great
concern for families and communities depending on non public water supply
system. According to them, this critical demand for water may be due to
increase in human popular, which exerts an enormous pressure on the provision
of safe drinking water especially in developing countries.
Statement of the Problem
the light of inadequate or lack of quality potable water supplies from the municipal
sources, urban residents have resorted to both formal and informal sector
providers to supply their water needs. Hence the need for proactive
surveillance by regulatory agencies is advocated.
Objectives of the Study
major objective of the research is the physiochemical assessment of the quality
of sachet water marketed in Minna metropolis.
What is water quality ?
What are the various brands of water Marketed in Minna metropolis ?
What are the sources of raw water used by this brands of sachet water?
Which physico chemical analysis are to be carried out on these sachet water?
Significance of the Study
study gives a clear insight into the physiochemical properties if sachet water
marketed in Minna metropolis. It also gives a clear insight into which of the
sachet water met with the standard and guidelines values for physical and
chemical qualities of potable water prescribed by regulatory authority.
Scope of the Study
research focuses on the physics chemical assessment of the quality of sachet
water marketed in Minna metropolis.
Limitations of the Study
brands of packaged water produced in Minna metropolis were collected from
factories in four different zones.