EFFECT OF LANDLORD AND TENANT RELATIONSHIP ON RESIDENTIAL PROPERTIES IN UYO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA


EFFECT OF LANDLORD AND TENANT RELATIONSHIP ON RESIDENTIAL PROPERTIES IN UYO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA

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EFFECT OF LANDLORD AND TENANT RELATIONSHIP ON RESIDENTIAL PROPERTIES IN UYO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA

Abstract

  The study examine the effect of landlord and tenant relationship on resident,  and how to Maintaining healthy landlord-tenant relationship in a residential property is a pre-requisite for societal advancement and growth, the study  has the following objectives, To examine the extent in which landlord and tenant relationship could improve residential properties in Ife to Akwa Ibom, To examine factors that has militated against cordial relationship between landlord and tenants, To propose ways of improving landlord and tenant relationship as to better residential property ,Concerning methodology the study  cited the population of the study area with the sampling techniques used in ascertain the sampling size for this research work. It also explained the mode of data collection and analysis; Questionnaires were used to sample people’s opinion while carrying out the survey. The researcher discarded the secondary data designs so as to get new, accurate findings and data analysis on the subject matter.  Base on fining the study has the sample size of sixty (60), From the result and the conclusion of this study, the following recommendations are made by the researcher ,Government should enact clear laws guiding tenancy and tenancy related agreements to ensure good relationship between landlords and tenants, Landlord should ensure that tenants understand the agreements when applying or seeking to rent the residential apartments.


 

Table of content

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1  BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS

1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

1.7 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS

CHAPTER TWO

LITERATURE REVIEW

2.0 INTRODUCTION

2.1 Theoretical framework

Tenancy Agreement:

2.1.1 Responsibilities of the Tenant and the Landlord

The tenant:

2.1.2 The Landlord's Covenants

2.1.3 Provided Always and It Is Hereby Agreed as Follows

2.2 Property Management and the Property Manager in Nigeria

2.4 Tenants

2.5 Landlord-Tenant Relationships and the Tenancy Agreement

2.6 The Rental Housing in Residential  housing sector

2.7 Rental Arrangements

2.8 Policies Which Regulate Rental Housing in African Cities

2.9 Challenges with Rental Housing

2.10 Tenancy Agreement as a Shield in Nigeria

2.11 Grounds for Ejecting Tenants

Summary of Chapter

CHAPTER THREE

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.0 INTRODUCTION

3.1 RESEARCH DESIGN

3.2 AREA OF STUDY

3.3 POPULATION OF THE STUDY

3.4 SAMPLE SIZE TECHNIQUE

3.5 DATA COLLECTION METHOD

3.6     VALIDITYAND RELIABILITY OF THE RESEARCH INSTRUMENT

3.7     METHOD OF DATA ANALYSIS

3.8     SCORING OF THE RESEARCH INSTRUMENT

3.9     DECISION RULE

CHAPTER FOUR

ANALYSIS OF DATA AND PRESENTATION OF RESULTS

4.1:    Gender distribution

 4.2:   Occupational Distribution

CHAPTER FIVESUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

5.1     SUMMARY OF FINDING

5.2     CONCLUSION

5.3     RECOMMENDATION

BIBLIOGRAPHY

APPENDIX

QUESTIONNAIRE


CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Maintaining healthy landlord-tenant relationship in a residential property is a pre-requisite for societal advancement and growth. Good tenant employee relations back-up by a comprehensive tenancy agreement and timely payment of rents are required for a cordial relationship to exist between the landlord and to also boost tenant satisfaction. Tenant relations generally deal with avoiding and resolving issues concerning residents living in a landed property. These issues may relate to house rents, tenancy agreements, and may result in conflicts if not properly managed (Salleh. 2008). 

 

The relationship of landlord and tenant may be defined as the relationship that exists between parties to a lease. It usually arises when the owner of an estate grants, usually by means of contract, the right to possession of his land or part of it, to another person to hold for a specific period of time. Such a grant is what is called a lease, demise or tenancy. The period granted is the term or term of years.

This relationship is one of tenure which means that it is for a period which is either subject to definite limits. As a rule, the landlord confers on the tenant the right to exclusive possession for a period which is subject to a definite time limit, as in the cases of a lease for a term of years, or which though indefinite can be made subject to a definite limit by either party as in the case of a tenancy from year to year (Mohd, 2000).

 

The relationship between tenants and landlords In Nigeria has reached a very significant stage in the modern day society in Nigeria, thus there is a need to know and review the effect of the relationship between the landlord and the tenant on residential properties. Reviewing this, also, it is important for us to know the position as it exists between tenant and landlord in residential buildings prior to the legal evaluation of tenancy Law in Nigeria. More importantly, it is also desirable for each party to know their right as guaranteed under the various applicable laws on the subject matter. This will ensure a peaceful co-existence between tenants and landlords in residential buildings.

 

However, this work focuses on the evolution and development of tenancy law in Nigeria, with particular reference to the rent Control and Residential Premises Edict, Law of Akwa Ibom State Nigeria 1994. The orientation of the course is strongly practical to suit the relationships that co-exist between a tenant and landlord in Nigeria. It will also examine the various perspective that relates to tenancy such as standard rent payable by the tenants, the rent review clause, option to review clause, rent book distress for rent, profit. Further the course will also examine the compensation available for the use and occupation of the demised premises by the tenant consequent upon the termination of his tenancy. It will also examine security of tenure and grounds for possession as contained under Schedule II of the rent control and

Recovery of Residential Premises Edict, Laws of Ifite, Akwa Ibom State of Nigeria 1994.

A lease establishes the relationship of landlord and tenant and is both a conveyance of a possessory estate in real property and a contract between the parties. Through the lease, the tenant receives a right to legal possession of the property in exchange for "valuable consideration" (i.e., rent) paid to the landlord. Most leases specify the duration of the agreement, any terms for extending the agreement and details regarding rent payments. Because a lease is both a conveyance and a contract, two sets of duties between the landlord and tenant arise: those that exist in relation to residential property laws, and those that arise due to the contractual promises of the lease.

Housing codes were established to ensure that residential rental units were habitable at the time of rental and during the tenancy. In Ifite, housing violation of these rules may lead to eviction action or to the tenant being allowed to withhold rent in some cases. The right to access of a residential property is also ensured by warranties which are prescribed by common and/or statutory law. A breach of the warranty of habitability or a covenant within the lease may cause an eviction or allow the tenant to withhold rent.

So long as these obligations are not met by either party, this could be breach on this relationship that is binding by factors dependent on obligation to be fulfilled by the landlord and the tenant on his property.

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The management of public housing by many estate owners, landlords and caretakers in most developing countries, including Nigeria is often bedeviled by poor maintenance, high rentals and more often than not, tenants are unsatisfied with their dwelling units. These factors plus poor or no tenancy agreements between landlords and tenants contribute towards the general decline of public housing (Hegedus & Mark, 2004).

 

Drafting of a comprehensive tenancy agreement requires the services of a competent lawyer, who will concisely spell out the duties and responsibilities of both the landlord and the tenant is sometimes ignored by some landlords or not drafted at all. In the absence of a comprehensive tenancy agreement, conflict and soar relationship between the landlord and the tenant my arise, when one party is not satisfied with the conduct of the other.

 

The resultant derelict state of public housing sadly also incubates high vandalism rates which in turn further contribute to the high maintenance cost of residential properties. British researcher Sheena Wilson (1979) asserts that it is often difficult to distinguish intentional forms of damage from wear and tear, indifference, neglect and thoughtlessness in public housing estates. Vandalism in such neighbourhoods therefore, is part of a spectrum of behaviour which begins with very common forms of carelessness such as dropping litter, and continues through a wide range of rough handling—bumping prams into glass swing doors, taking short cuts through newly planted flower beds, for example—to the stage where damage is deliberate: glass broken by stray objects such as stones when children are playing, smashed fittings, and dismantled fire-hoses. These are typical features in public housing owing to various factors.

 

From previous research works, it has become clear that non fulfilment of obligations binding on relationships can have a drastic effect. For there to be a proper conveyance of title or right to occupy in the case of a residential property by a landlord to a tenant, there are obligations binding on both parties that must be met (Basorun, 2012).

This binding factor which is called ‘rent’ on the part of the tenant has a bigger effect as to whether it will last long or not. On the part of the landlord is the obligation to lease or withhold the property. Rent as a determinant in this relationship can be a constraint due to a survey conducted in 2011 by Dele Taiwo Associates an Estate Management firm with offices round Nigeria.

There are challenges posed by these factors. Challenges such as eviction, withholding of a right to legal habitation of the property in exchange for "valuable consideration" (i.e., rent) paid to the landlord, has affected the relationship between the landlord and the tenant for various reasons ranging from non communication of position by the landlord in case of renovations or nonpayment of rent as at when due by the tenant. Most tenants especially in residential properties ignore their obligation to pay utility bills and other bills binding on them by virtue of occupying the property. All these have played a huge role in affecting the relationship between the landlord and the tenant especially in Ifite.

EFFECT OF LANDLORD AND TENANT RELATIONSHIP ON RESIDENTIAL PROPERTIES IN UYO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA

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A Research proposal for effect of landlord and tenant relationship on residential properties in uyo local government area:
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The study examine the effect of landlord and tenant relationship on resident, and how to Maintaining healthy landlord-tenant relationship in a residential property is a pre-requisite for societal advancement and growth, the study has the following objectives, To examine the extent in which landlord and tenant relationship could improve residential properties in Ife to Akwa Ibom, To examine factors that has militated against cordial relationship between landlord and tenants, .. estate management project topics

EFFECT OF LANDLORD AND TENANT RELATIONSHIP ON RESIDENTIAL PROPERTIES IN UYO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA

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  • CATEGORY : ESTATE MANAGEMENT
  • TYPE : PROJECT MATERIAL
  • FORMAT : MICROSOFT WORD
  • ATTRIBUTE : Documentation Only
  • PAGES : 71 Pages
  • CHAPTERS : 1 - 5
  • PRICE : ₦ 3,000.00

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