1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Over the years, Nigeria has had a number of laudable projects that
makes one proud of being a Nigerian. These projects range from the
Liberty Stadium, Ibadan (now called the Obafemi Awolowo Stadium) to the
National Stadium Lagos, Universities, hospitals, schools and the
refineries which got oil displacing agriculture as the mainstay of the
economy to mention a few.
But having been built and made to serve the
immediate purpose they were meant to serve, they ended up in most cases
forgotten, abandoned and at its best given very little attention,
leading to its poor maintenance and management. The million dollar
question to draw from the aforesaid is if these projects were actually
made available in the short term or long term. It is expected that the
latter would be the answer. Nevertheless over the years, most laudable
projects in Nigeria fault this notion.
Nigeria is not meant to be where she currently is
for she is a blessed nation, one that is palpably so richly endowed
with the best of resources; “human and material” to spur her towards
having the best facilities when she deems it necessary and most
appropriate. Nigeria as against the so called world economies,
developed nations, world powers or whatever phrase used to describe the
most powerful States of the world is immensely blessed with natural
resources as earlier mentioned, that only if Nigeria was properly
managed by the best hands in leadership, she would have easily
stimulated herself towards being not just a real giant of Africa (as
against what is perceive to be the current self acclaimed status) but
among the world powers in all ramifications most importantly,
Nigeria has had over the years on its once upon a
time very laudable projects that are right now in the most deplorable
state ever imagined which are definitely threats to the social economic
and infrastructural advancement of Nigeria. This is with respect to
the issue of maintenance of public facilities and capital projects that
are worthy of proudly making one a Nigerian, though for a short while,
no thanks to the “extinction” of the beauty that once upon a time
greeted such projects.
In line with the national development goals for improving the
quality of services in the public sectors to become "The Developed
Countries by the year 2020" have a first class infrastructures on the
agenda for Nigeria. Apart from this, many facilities such as buildings
and public infrastructures are built to fulfill administrative and
social needs as well as economic responsibilities to the general
public. The government assets and facilities should be managed properly
with maintenance work to ensure the functioning assets, minimum cost
of repairing and providing a safe environment for the user. Maintenance
culture is defined the combination of technical and administrative
actions to be taken to preserve or protect a structure, system or
equipment to function properly (British Standards Institute, 1974). It
as a work process or work activity programmed by an individual or group
to be undertaken to protect, preserve and maintain the function of a
Maintenance culture defines the values, way of
thinking, behaviour, perception, and the underlying assumptions of any
person or group or society that considers maintenance as a matter that
is important (priority) and practices it in their life. When a person
or group has maintenance culture, they would have the attitude to
maintain, preserve and protect the public facilities. The attitude in
question is towards the maintenance work, which is embedded in each
individual or group, although in practice, the maintenance tasks have
been programmed, planned and scheduled, it is only when one understands
the responsibility entrusted to implement it that creates a proper
awareness of maintenance work and whereby it is done automatically,
spontaneously without any direction and thought (Suwaibatul et. al,
2012). Maintenance culture is not universal in nature, it is usually
derived or learned through a person making maintenance a natural daily
practice that can be followed and emulated by others (Florence, 2011).
These cultures are not easy to develop. It takes time and occurs in
response to changes to the individual himself/herself. Thus, it is not
something that is impossible to implement if the method made the
maintenance culture is known to be performed. When the determinant
factors of maintenance of development are identified, the maintenance
will be a daily practice that is understood by each individual about
what their duties are.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Maintenance culture development in Nigeria can be achieved through
the implementation of the leadership factors that should be done by
someone who was called leaders toward culture maintenance practices
among all his followers. Maintenance tasks will not be regarded as a
burden, but as a good practice that should be implemented for the next
stake. This is where the need of the leadership qualities in a leader by
showing a serious commitment to the work done by providing a work plan
that can be easily understood and followed by everyone. However, this
study analyses the maintenance culture employed in public
infrastructure in Nigeria.
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The following are the objectives of this study:
- To examine the level of maintenance culture employed in public infrastructure in Nigeria.
- To identify the determinants of maintenance culture of public infrastructure in Nigeria.
- To determine the attitude of Nigerians to maintenance culture.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
- What is the level of maintenance culture employed in public infrastructure in Nigeria?
- What are the determinants of maintenance culture of public infrastructure in Nigeria?
- What is the attitude of Nigerians to maintenance culture?
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The following are the significance of this study:
- The results from this study will educate the Nigerian general
populace on the need for the adequate maintenance of public
- This research will be a contribution to the body of literature
in the area of the effect of personality trait on student’s academic
performance, thereby constituting the empirical literature for future
research in the subject area.
1.7 SCOPE/LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
This study will cover the maintenance culture employed in public
infrastructure in Nigeria and the determinants of maintenance culture
LIMITATION OF STUDY
Financial constraint- Insufficient fund tends to
impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant
materials, literature or information and in the process of data
collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).
Time constraint- The researcher will
simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This
consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.
Suwaibatul Islamiah A.S., Abdul Hakim M., Syazwina
F.A.S., Eizzatul A.S. (2012). An Overview Development Of Maintenance
Culture, 3rd International Conference On Business and Economic
Research. Proceeding Conference, pp 2206-2217
British Standard Institution BS 3811. (1974). Glossary of
General Terms Used in Maintenance Organization, London 1974.
Florence. (2011). An Empirical Analysis of Asset
Replacement Decisions and Maintenance Culture in Some Government
Organizations Located In Ogbomoso and Ilorin Metropolis As Case Study.
Journal of Management and Society, 1(3), 01-09.