The study delved into impact of credit
management on the operation of selected small scale enterprises in
Nigeria. The study examines whether integration of the world economic
enhances product development and performance and whether the advent of
internet has effect on product innovation in the beverage industry.
The survey research design was employed
in this study and the questionnaire was the main research instrument. A
total of 30 respondents make up the sample size of the study and
chi-square was used as the statistical tool to analyze or in analyzing
the collected data.
The findings of this study revealed that
extension of credit to customers is an average for imploring sales of
small scale industries. Efficiency in the management of small scale
business lies on the way credit is been managed. Furthermore, small
scale business credit standard and credit analysis before extending
credit to customers.
TABLE OF CONTENT
1.0 Background of the Study
1.1 Historical Background of the Case Study (Cadbury Nigeria Plc)
1.2 Statement of Problem
1.3 Objective of the Study
1.4 Research Question
1.5 Research Hypotheses
1.6 Significance of the Study
1.7 Scope of the Study
1.8 Limitation of the Study
1.9 Definition of Terms
1.10 Summary of Subsequent Chapters
2.1 Concept of Small Scale Business.
2.2 Characteristics of Small Scale Enterprises
2.3 Roles and Importance of Small Scale Business
2.4 Factors to Consider Before Starting a Small Scale Business.
2.5 Over View of Governments Effort in the Development of SMEs in Nigeria
2.6 Conceptual Framework Credit Management.
2.7 Administration of Credit
2.8 Credit Control
2.9 Theories of Comparative Management
3.1 Research Design
3.2 Characteristics of the Studies Population
3.3 Restatement of Research Questions
3.4 Restatement of Research Hypotheses
3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
3.6 Sample and Sampling Design
3.7 Methods of Data Analysis
3.8 Limitation of the Study
DATA ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION
4.1 Analysis of Personal Data
4.2 Analysis of Variables
4.3 Test of Hypotheses
SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
5.1 Summary of Findings
1.0 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Private Sector Development as suitable
alternative for promoting sustainable and balanced growth in African has
attracted considerable attention. Many government and development
organizations have focused on the promotion of medium-scale enterprise
(SMEs) as a way of encouraging broaden participation in the private
sector. The promotion of SMES and especially of those in the informal
sector is viewed as a variable approach to sustainable development
because it suits the resources in Africa.
The contemporary business environment
faced with a number of challenges particularly the globalization process
is on course is attempt to standardize operation. One the strategies
used in coping with globalization is credit management. Credit
management refers to those decision variables that influence the amount
of trade credit that is, investment in recurable which a business firm
may undertake to any given time. It plays a vital role in promoting
small scale industries in Nigeria.
The promotion of small scale industrial
business is well recognized and much better strategies of industries
development in developed and developing countries and its ability to
enhance entrepreneurial and management skills.
In (1973) Nigeria Small Scale Industries
Association defines small scale business as those having investment
like capital, land, building and equipment up to 60,000 and employing no
more-than fifty people.
Some scale industries a business could
be referring to the sector of economy that is mostly concern with the
distribution and marketing both industrial and domestic products.
According to Ajonbadi (2002) saying Small Scale Industry is an industry
which the total capital employed is over 1.5 but not more than 50
million including working capital of it 100 workers.
The research work is to analyze
critically the impact analysis of credit management strategies to sector
of trade, the problem in managing credit problems and with the aim of
finding a lasting solution to the problems and expand the activities of
small scale business in the economy in order to arose the attraction
both government and individual.
1.1 STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS
Small medium businesses have limitations
and problems that account for their failures. All business organization
is irrespective of their objectives have philosophy of growth, survival
and adaptiveness. (LAWAL, 1993).
The important role which small scale
enterprise play in the economics of nations, from the first to the last
sage in the developmental countries makes them very relevant in many
aspects of economic policies especially those of industrial development.
However, the extent to which these enterprises contribute to industrial
development depends on the level of growth and development of these
In Nigeria, just as in most other
countries, small scale enterprise are more in number than large scale
enterprises. This is not surprising given the nation's how level of
development in both human resources and capital formation.
Small Scale Firms like medium firms,
however create bulk of the employment provided in the promotion of
entrepreneurship and utilization of indigenous technology as well as
ensuring even and more appropriate location of industries.
1.2 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The general objective of the study is to
examine the impact of credit management on the operation of selected
small scale enterprises in Nigeria.
Evidence has shown that small scale firms usually carryout "NICHES" and produces highly specialized service of product in a geographical area and do not perceive any clear competition.
1. The main purpose of this
research is to understand the types of credit, standard of credit,
administration of credit and credit terms.
2. Then review the problems of
managing credit of small scale business in Nigeria, with the aim of
finding lasting solution to them and possibly bring up innovational and
ideas general towards expansion in the growth and development of small
scale enterprises (SME) in the state.
3. To intensively review the role
of the government over the year in the small scale industry enterprises
so as to draw attention of the government to the development of the
1.3 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
i) Do survival of small scale business depend on accessibility of credit facility?
ii) Does institutional incentives given by government agencies affect the effort of small scale business in Nigeria?
iii) Is there significant relationship between credit management and small scale enterprises performance?
iv) To what extent do credit management influence small scale enterprises productivity?
v) Is there any significant relationship between credit management and small scale enterprise profitability?
vi) Does credit management reduce fraudulent act in SSEs?
vii) Does credit management reduce materials wastage in SSEs?
1.4 RESEARCH HYPOTHESES
HO - There is no significant relationship between Credit management and
Small Scale Business in Lagos State.
H1 - There is significant relationship between Credit management Small
Scale Business in Lagos State.
HO - Credit management strategy of SMEs do not have significant effects
on their profitability.
H1 - Credit management strategies of small scale enterprises have a
significant effect on their profitability.
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The important of small and medium
enterprises in the economy. AT the end of the study, the researcher
expects that the finding will serve as a point of reference to the
managing of business organization student, professional, student of
economist and general public. This study will reveal the relevant of
This study also contributes to knowledge
in terms of provisions of additional information in the form of ideas,
opinions and views from the field (industry operators) to develop and
move the sector forward by way of checking the relationship that exists
between the financial institution and SMEs in Nigeria.
1.6 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The study covers credit management SMEs
in Nigeria, particularly in Lagos State and does not extend to other
sectors. This study is restricted to selected small scale enterprises in
Ikeja local government of Lagos State. The study covers a
representative numbers of the generality of SMEs. No special
consideration is given to sex, age and nationality in collecting data
from the respondents.
The level of accuracy in this study is
proportional to the availability of information that the respondents are
willing to give. Also, there is this uncertainty that information given
is without bias. Also, undertaking a research study is a serious
business. It requires a commitment of time, money and energy, both
intellectual and physical. Hence, balancing the study with academics and
going to work is a Herculean task.
1.7 Definitions of Terms
- Credit Management: decision variables that
influence the amount of trade credit that is, investment in recurable
which a business firm may undertake to any given time.
- Banks: This is a financial institution that aid in collection of deposit and granting loans and other auxiliary service to the public.
- Banking: Is a service delivery business in which information is pivotal, whether in the honoring of cheques or other withdrawals.
- Consolidations: This is another term used in place of merger and acquisition. Thus, it is the combination of two or more corporation.
- Enterprises: This is any
commercial undertaking that is either publicity of privately owned or
controlled. The word is used interchangeably with organisation in this
- Performance: The degree of efficiency and effectiveness with which the organisation objectives are achieved.
- Small Scale Enterprises: These are enterprises in which power consumptions, number of employees, quantum of raw materials, output like are small in size.