1.1 Background to the Study
Language is often seen generally as
fundamental to human cognitive ability and development. Music on the
other hand while being seen as human specific and universal, is often
viewed as a secondary skill one which is predicated and draws it’s
origin from and in language. However, when viewed critically it is
often seen and arguably so that language is a systematically and
universal kind of music in itself. A couple of recent studies into the
roles of music and its application reveals that it is fundamental to
At any rate, music us seen as a
universal human skill and specific to humans as well one you which every
human who is born healthy is also born with the innate ability to
produce or at least to appreciate.
However, in its level of application,
music is often viewed in this regard as only applicable in the case of a
slower cognitive development and while this is true to a great extent,
it doesn’t excuse the fact that its role especially in language
acquisition cannot be over emphasized.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
The application and significance of
music in language learning especially in a young child has always been
suspected to be integral to the process. This is the problem this
present research work has assigned itself – to investigate into the
influence of music in language learning on children through the eyes of a
primary school teacher who has the front row seat to viewing the
learning process in all its intricacies.
1.3 Research Questions
1.3.1 what are the different studies that have supported this research statement
1.3.2 What genre of music is most likely to aid language acquisition.
1.4 Objectives of the Study
The research aims at extensively
describing the processes of music playing a significant role in the
learning process of language in a child at primary and preprimary school
level. The extent to which it quickens language acquisition in children
will be analyzed while that of mentally challenged children will be
discussed specifically in its own right.
The characteristics of music that help
make it possible for it to aid language learning will be determined to a
limited extent if time and space will allow while the research will
also attempt to establish the limitations of music in aiding language
learning whether such is informed by the language in question and/or the
kind of music introduced.
1.5 Significance of the Study
The significance of this research work
borders between applied music and aiding language teaching both in
school and at home. In the former, it is important in that it sheds
light on what can be introduced by the primary education board into the
curriculum other than the recommendations of texts to be repeatedly read
by children who are yet to get inured to the graphic mode of language
learning. With music helping in this regard, efforts can be put in to
determine how to adapt its use in classrooms.
Its findings and recommendations will
also prove very useful to parents and teachers as stated above who find
it very difficult teaching some of their mentally challenged children.
1.6 Research Hypothesis
The assumption on which this research
was build is one that recognizes the influence of music in the language
acquisition process in primary school children. So that the research
seeks to prove with its thorough study the correctness of this
1.7 Scope of the Study
The research work will focus its study
on teachers and pupils at primary school level and see to what extent
music can be introduced in teaching language to them in practical terms.
However, references might be made to the significance and use of music
for the same purpose for kindergarten levels and comparing it with
primary level one hopes to see the graduation and relevance of music in
1.8 Limitations of the Study
The major limitations of this research
work is firstly the time factor to complete the required study within
the given time irrespective of the volume of research that should go
into the work. Another is that of resources to fund to conduct the
length of observation needed arrive at a conclusion and make
recommendations which did not come in the needed amount hence,
reflecting, though minutely, on the work.
1.9 Definition of Terms
This refers to the learning of a
language anew with all the four language skill at a reasonable level of
proficiency both first languages and others.