A STUDY OF GSM PROPAGATION ON UNILORIN CAMPUS USING WALFISCH-IKEGAMI MODEL
1,609 marked this research material reliable.
Call or whatsapp: +2347063298784 or email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Excellent and professional research project topics and materials website. All the research tools, journals, seminars, essays, article, books, term papers, softwares and project materials for your research guide and final year projects are available here.
Type: Project Materials | Format: Ms Word | Attribute: Documentation Only | Pages: 54 Pages | Chapters: 1-5 chapters | Price: ₦ 3,000.00
Growth in mobile telecommunications was
met with great enthusiasm in Nigeria at its early stages but later
resulted in frustration due to diminished quality of service (QoS)(1).
In Nigeria and many other countries, mobile communication has been
troubled with complications spanning across human and technical issues.
However, because good quality of service must have been enjoyed before
the time of bad receptions, it becomes important to study the underlying
reasons for such drop in signal quality delivered(2). Obstacles and surfaces within the vicinity of the device have an effect on the path characteristics (3).
Signal propagation models then, are used largely in network planning,
most especially for conducting feasibility studies and during initial
deployment of mobile communications systems. They are also very useful
for performing analyses on interference as the deployment of these
These models may be broadly categorized
into three kinds namely; empirical, deterministic and stochastic.
Empirical models are those based on observations and measurements alone.
These models are mainly used to predict the path loss, but models that
predict rain-fade and multipath have also been proposed. The
deterministic models make use of the laws governing electromagnetic wave
propagation to determine the received signal power at a particular
location. Deterministic models often require a complete 3-D map of the
propagation environment (e.g. ray-tracing model). Stochastic models,
however, see the environment as a collection of random variables making
them the least accurate but requiring very minimal information about the
environment and make use much less processing power to generate their
The Walfisch-Ikegami model is an
empirical model from J. Walfisch and F. Ikegami and was further
developed by the COST 231 project. This is now called the COST-
Walfisch-Ikegami Model. The accuracy of this model is limited to its
consideration of buildings only in the vertical plane and quite high
because in urban environments, multiple diffractions over rooftops are
predominant. Wave guiding effects due to several reflections are not
considered however, in the model(5).
The study is borne out of the need to
understand why hitherto good quality of service enjoyed by end users of
GSM telecommunications suddenly deteriorates and in a way as to
understand how physical and environmental factors play a part in this
1.3 Problem Statement
The problem addressed here is to compare
the results of Walfisch-Ikegami model for pathloss with observed path
loss by determiningthe strength of GSM signals at different locations of
varied site parameters with respect to base stations’ within the
University of Ilorin Campus.
1.4Aim and Objectives
The aim of the studies is to determine the suitability of the Walfisch-Ikegami model in the determination of path-loss and signal strength of mobile communication lines within the University of Ilorin Campus.
The objectives in this project work are to:
i. Measure signal
strength and collect data and parameters for the verification of the
Walfisch-Ikegami pathloss model.
ii. Develop an algorithm for an application to calculate the Walfisch-Ikegami prediction model
iii. Compare predicted
with observed signal strength and consequent path-loss hence, identify
the criteria determining the suitability and usefulness of the
Walfisch-Ikegami path-loss model.
The work done here, is focused on
studying the behavior of propagated signals making use of the
Walfisch-Ikegami pathloss model to predict the signal strength of which
the Unilorin campus (located in Ilorin, Kwara state and covers about
75,000 hectares north and south) (6)serves as a
quasi-laboratory to confirm the theory.The area of interest are
characterized by sets of two-storey buildings that have evenly spaced
pattern within the University of Ilorin campus.
- Determine path-loss parameters;
- Take readings of signal strength obtained from mobiles device using a named method;
- Compare readings with the theoretical Walfisch-Ikegami path-loss model calculations; and hence make inferences from results
Chapter twopresents essential and
related background knowledge including the basics of path loss modelling
paying credence to how the GSM works vis-à-vis features and GSM network
parameter and workdone on the Walfisch-Ikegami Model. In Chapter three,
a more detailed work is presented on the actual methodology employed in
the course of the project work.
Chapter four analyses theoretical model
calculation with respect to observed values. Comments and judgment are
passed on the data obtained from the studies. Finally, chapter five
summarizes the project work, avails recommendations and conclusions of
A STUDY OF GSM PROPAGATION ON UNILORIN CAMPUS USING WALFISCH-IKEGAMI MODEL
- The Project Material is available for download.
- The Research material is delivered within 15-30 Minutes.
- The Material is complete from Preliminary Pages to References.
- Well Researched and Approved for supervision.
- Click the download button below to get the complete project material.
Frequently Asked Questions
In-order to give you the best service available online, we have compiled frequently asked questions (FAQ) from our clients so as to answer them and make your visit much more interesting.
We are proudly Nigerians, and we are well aware of fraudulent activities that has been ongoing in the internet. To make it well known to our customers, we are geniune and duely registered with the Corporate Affairs Commission of the republic of Nigeria. Remember, Fraudulent sites can NEVER post bank accounts or contact address which contains personal information. Free chapter One is always given on the site to prove to you that we have the material. If you are unable to view the free chapter 1 send an email to email@example.com
with the subject head "FREE CHAPTER 1' plus the topic. You will get a free chapter 1 within an hour. You can also check out what our happy clients
have to say.
Students are always advised to use our materials as guide. However, if you have a different case study, you may need to consult one of our professional writers to help you with that. Depending on similarity of the organization/industry you may modify if you wish.
We have professional writers in various disciplines. If you have a fresh topic, just click Hire a Writer or click here
to fill the form and one of our writers will contact you shortly.
Yes it is a complete research project. We ensure that our client receives complete project materials which includes chapters 1-5, full references, questionnaires/secondary data, etc.
Depending on how fast your request is acknowledged by us, you will get the complete project material withing 15-30 minutes. However, on a very good day you can still get it within 5 minutes!
What Clients Say
Our Researchers are happy, see what they are saying. Share your own experience with the world.
Be polite and honest, as we seek to expand our business and reach more people. Thank you.
All Project Materials is a website I recommend to all student and researchers within and outside the country. The web owners are doing great job and I appreciate them for that. Once again welldone.
Thank you for everything you have done so far; my communication with you, both by e-mail and whatsapp, has been the only positive point about the whole experience - you have been reliable and courteous in my research work and I sincerely appreciate that.
I have been using you people for some time and I can say that you are good because you give me what I want, you don't disappoint. You guys to keep to the standard. You are highly recommended to serve more Researchers.
I love all project materials / researchcub.
There are good and wonderful. Nice Work!
People also search for:
a study of gsm propagation on unilorin campus using walfisch-ikegami model, study, propagation, unilorin project topics, researchcub.info, project topic, list of project topics, project topics and materials, research project topics, covid-19 project materials, all project topics, journals, books, Academic writer, electrical and electronics engineering project topics.