The purpose of this research was to find out the knowledge and
perception of drug use and abuse among students in Oredo Local
Government Area of Edo State. The research was also aimed at
ascertaining whether drug abuse has a role to play in the academic
performance of students. In carrying out this study, there was a review
of related literature, questionnaire was administered to respondents
(students) in their various
schools to collect relevant data. The data collected from the
respondents were analyzed and interpreted. The findings revealed that
students abuse drug for fun, pleasure and excitement and they are
unaware of any health hazard. It was also gathered that parents’ lack of
early moral instruction and training and the school environment, i.e.
teacher’s nonchalant attitudes to duties have lured some students into
Emphasis was laid on the need for effective guidance and counseling to
be given to students to make them better and useful citizens of our
country. It was also gathered that provision of educational facilities,
conducive environment for effective learning and other recommendations
will help to improve a high school achievement in secondary schools in Oredo Local Government and the country at large.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page i
Table of Contents viii
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the Study 1
1.2 Statement of Problems 3
1.3 Research Questions 4
1.4 Purpose of the Study 5
1.5 Significance of the Study 5
1.6 Scope of the Study 6
1.7 Limitation 6
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 Introduction 7
2.2 Definition and Meaning of Drug Use and Abuse 11
2.3 Commonly Abused Substances 14
2.4 The Nature and Prevalence of Drug use among
2.5 Incidence of Secondary School Students Dependence
On Performance Enhancing Drugs in Sports 31
2.6 The Risk to Secondary School Students 38
2.7 Remedies of the Problems of Drug Abuse 42
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1 Research Design 43
3.2 Population of Study 44
3.3 Sample/Sampling Procedure 44
3.4 Research Instruments 44
3.5 Validity of Instrument 45
3.6 Reliability of the Instrument 46
3.7 Method of Data Analysis 46
CHAPTER FOUR: PRESENTATION OF DATA AND
ANALYSIS OF RESULTS
CHAPTER FIVE: CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1 Summary 54
5.2 Conclusion 56
5.2 Recommendations 58
Appendix (Questionnaire) 65
1.1 Background of the Study
The use of drugs dates back into the pre-history of man. Such drugs were
used to relieve pain or cure and control diseases (Curew and Dibal,
1999). Drugs as defined by the World Health Organization (1967) is any
substance which taken by living organisms may modify the functions of
living organism. The National Agency for Food and Drug Administration
and Control (NAFDAC, 1999), stated that situations of ill-health provide
the compelling need for drugs that is in order to modify the functions
of the body and restore it to life. However, the major issue with drugs
is not in its use for curative purposes but in the abuse and misuse of
these drugs especially when these drugs are psychoactive drugs.
The consumption level of hard drugs has risen sharply in Nigeria within
the last two decades. Such drugs like heroine, cocaine, cannabis and
even alcohol have in recent times become so easily accessible by
individuals of much cancer is the high prevalence of the use of these
drugs among adolescents. Adolescents use drugs for several reasons among
which are, for experimentation, mere fun and excitement, peer pressure,
to get over depression and other psychological problems, etc.
However, the use of these drugs among young people has so much effect on
individuals, families and the society at large. The problems range from
social, psychological, economical and even political problems. This
paper therefore seeks to find out the reasons for drug use among
secondary school students in Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State
and the perception of the effects of these drugs on the health and
academic performance of students.
1.2 Statement of Problems
The use of hard drugs including alcohol and cigarette is a major source
of health and psychological problems among adults and young people in
both developed and developing countries, including Nigeria. It is
generally believed that most people who use these substances often begin
at an early age and may continue throughout life.
Adolescent stage is usually viewed as a period of experimentation where
young people seek to go beyond the protective shelter of adults thus
involving in activities that are often detrimental to their health and
well-being, such as the use of drugs. Despite hazards and other
implications of drug use and use of these substances among young people,
this study therefore seeks to find out the factors that contribute to
this and proffer solution to address these issues.
1.3 Research Questions
1. What substances are commonly abused by students in secondary schools?
2. What factors influence the use of drugs among students in secondary school?
3. Does awareness of health risk associated with hard drugs influence its use by students in secondary schools?
4. Are students aware of the implications of drug use?
1.4 Purpose of Study
The purpose of this study is to examine in detail the use and abuse of
drugs among secondary school students in Oredo Local Government Area of
The study also seeks to identify the most commonly abused substances and
the factors that contribute to the use of these substances.
Finally, this study intends to find out the knowledge and perception of
the health risk and other implications of drug use among students.
1.5 Significance of the Study
It is expected that this study will make the following contributions to
the advancement of drug use and abuse especially among young people.
It will provide necessary information and create awareness on the extent
of drug use among students. This will help parents, teachers and indeed
all stakeholders to plan intervention programmes that will help solve
the problem of drug use in the society. It is also expected to educate
students on the implications of drug use and thus prompt them to make
informed decisions on drug use.
1.6 Scope of Study
This study is limited to selected secondary schools in Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State.
The researcher encountered some problems in the course of this study.
These problems include lack of sufficient time and adequate resources to
effectively embark on the study. There was also difficulty in eliciting
information from the students on drug abuse.