FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR POOR HEALTH HABITS AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS: A CASE STUDY OF SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOL IN OREDO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EDO STATEABSTRACT
The purpose of this study is to determine some of the
factors responsible for poor health habits in some secondary schools in
Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State and how they can be minimize.
In carry out the study a questionnaire which was the research
instrument, designed and administered to principals, vice principals,
teachers and parents of the selected schools. The result show that the
most common poor health habit of the students are dirtiness, as a result
of environmental problem, inadequate school health materials are aids
such as textbooks, seats etc. Peer group influence, harsh rules and
indiscipline. To each of the these problems a solution has been
suggested, for these suggestion are carried out by everybody the problem
of poor health habit in the home, community, school and society even
the country will be reduce drastically even in the selected schools in
Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Background of the study
Statement of the problem
Purpose of the study
Limitation of the study
Scope/delimitation of the study
Definition of terms
Review of related literature
Research design and methodology
Population of the study
The sample and sampling techniques
Data collection instrument
Analysis of data
Data presentation and analysis
Summary, recommendations and conclusion
Good health is a priceless asset that is easy to take for
granted; students in middle school are faced with many changes that
affect many aspects of their lives. During this time, students are
desperate to find a place to belong and often make choices that
negatively affect academic achievement and their ability to experience
optimum health has been the focus of attention people are looking to
improve their by regular exercise and changes in life style.
Health as agree is wealth is always awareness that economic
and individual growth is not easily achieved without good health.
Health habit was created to provide a holistic approach to
natural healing and usual the state of health one maintains.
Overall health comes from recognizing the flaws, the
mistakes and life changing decision that are easy to adapted to but not
painfully difficult and seemingly impossible.
The poor health habit among school students in some
selected secondary schools in Oredo local government area in Edo State
has become the concern for this study, to inculcate the importance of
health habits at a very delicate the importance of health habits at a
very stage or development., in life among the students needs an effort
to achieve it. Life style are decisions taken by individuals about their
health habits and behaviours which affects one’s health and has little
or no control, we cope by fulfilling our basic human health in different
healthy and unhealthy ways, sometimes coping and adapting to it, is
destructive and hazardous our well being, because we create and adapt to
habits as a way of coping with emotional stress of living. Smoking
cigarettes, drinking alcohol etc. in general, personal decisions and
habit that are bad, from a health point of view create self imposed
risks. Despite the overwhelming concerns. Schools across the nations are
still wondering what the best options are for their students. Despite
the issues wellness of the students has not improved, in fact according
to the institute of medicine the rate of obesity and overweight has
increased among the students. Campaigns for school wellness have been
set up to develop life long behaviours of good nutrition and physical
Health science should be establish in various schools so as
to be able to inculcate in this students about their health habits
particularly students in rural areas and the under privileged because
most of this students lack this health facilities either at the school
or from the homes. Due to family income, low level of education of the
parents and unfavorable areas, in addition teaching of health education
should begin at home as soon as the child is able to handle, recognize
and identify things and also being able to make use of his/her sense
organs in terms of personal cleanliness to ensure that the normal body
does not suffer, cleanliness of the body enhances the health of the
students through the reduction of germs infesting the human body.
Health education can being with anything and had ports on
almost everything that has to do with man’s activities such as cleaning,
playing, sweeping, brushing, dusting, tiding up washing of everything’s
you can think of so far these reasons, public lectures on health
education should be given occasionally and especially to students as
regards to the causes and effect of poor health habit. This will uplift
the level of well being, prolong human health improve individual
quality. Educators have a direct impact on many of this areas and it is
important to have a well-developed understanding of the contributing
factors so appreciate decisions about interventions can be made
especially if they affect parental involvement, it is important to note
that contributing factors to the health of the students is not limited
to in school only. Nutrition at home and parental involvement at home
are important factors. Families that are capable of having at least one
parent stay at home will have a different impact than if both parents
have to work for survival. This study will identify factors that affect
the health of the students in order to understand the issue and to help
identify possible opportunities to improve the health of our students.
There is no gain saying the fact that health living in any nations help
to reduce the countries death rate. Health is something we must
practice, always, if we want to live an active and happy.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
This study tends to investigate the factors that are
responsible for the poor health habit among secondary students. A lot of
factors are responsible for the poor health habits among the pupils in
these selected schools. This is the reason why the researcher wishes to
look for the following problems which are:
1. Lack of adequate devotion of the parents to the upbringing of their children.
2. Improper guidance of children by parents.
3. Peer pressure.
4. Lack of health education in various schools.
5. Parent orientation on health issues.
6. Lack of toilet facilities bin schools.
1. Does lack of toilet facilities in the school compound affect the health of the students?
2. Does the occupation of the parents affect the health condition of the students?
3. Does lack of healthy life style affect the health of the students?
4. Does lack of adequate devotion in the upbringing of the students affect his/her health?
5. Does lack of health educators in various schools affect the health of the students?
OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The objectives of the study are:
1. To examine the importance of P.H.E and the aim of studying it in our various schools.
2. To suggest ways in which parents can help in improving the health of their children.
3. To stress the responsibilities of parents as
regards the health habits of their children still in their early stage
4. To suggest the felling and recommend this study to high authorities in health education policy.
5. To determine whether the nature of the school administration has influence the healthy habit exhibited by students
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of this study to better understands the factors
that contribute to the over all wellness of student as it relates the
quality of life they lead. For there is no useful studies that can be
achieved in an atmosphere of poor health habit, so therefore this study
has a primary function to play in order to identify the problems and
also seek for recommendation for a long lasting solutions, it is hope
that at the end of the study it will be beneficial to both the school
students, the parents and society at large, the environment, school
officials and educators can become, more aware of the problems
surrounding the health of their students and implement better practice
during class time. Parents can take information, provide implement
healthier activities and options at home during and after school year
ends. School officials can implement programme and adopt school-wide
programs that will benefit the over all health of their students.
Students can learn better habits that will contribute to their over all
wellness and development.
SCOPE OF STUDY
The study reason for poor health habit among junior
secondary school students is carried out in some selected secondary
schools in Oredo local government area of Edo State. This study is an
attempt to study the possible factors responsible for the poor health
habits of the students. The number interviewed was health teachers,
parents and public working place.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
The following terms were used in this study:
Health: A state of complete mental, physical and social well being of the students.
Life style: The way in which an individual or a group lives.
Habit: A thing that a person does often and almost without thinking especially something that5 is hard to stop.
Diet: The food that s person, community etc. habitually eats and drinks.
Upbringing: The treatment and education one receives as a child especially from parents.
Cleanliness: The habit of being clean or keeping things clean.