existence human beings are fastened on communication which facilitates mutual
interaction and relationship among the human species. Communication can be said
to be the exchange of information between two people or more (Afe, 2007). Also,
it is widely known that the Yorubas including Ado Ekiti people whom this study
is centered upon generally communicate to one another by speaking the
indigenous language which is Yoruba language and this affect the attitude of
teenagers to speaking and learning other languages especially English Language which
serve as a medium of passing across all school subject apart from being the lingua
franca in Nigeria.
Nigeria, the language policy on education (1998) stipulated a role for all
Nigerian languages. The languages of the immediate environment of the teenager
are prescribed as languages of instruction for pre-primary and the first three
of six years of primary education. English is to be a medium of instruction
from the fourth year of primary education onwards, and is to be taught as a
subject from primary four so the importance of English language cannot be
the disposition of teenagers to speaking and learning English language in
Nigeria especially in Ado Local Government Area where the study is focused upon
has been discouraging due to the teenagers lack of exposure to English input
and also their inability to speaking the language consistently. Even in secondary
schools it is a common thing among the students to speak their indigenous
language which is Yoruba, not only that the teachers at times even communicate
to students in Yoruba, all these contribute and determine the attitude of this
teenagers to English language.
with the teenagers it was observed that the English language constitutes an important
part in their daily life towards their academics and in their relationship to
their immediate environment. Teenagers are well aware of the fact that the
English language is the key to a future with international elements to it. It
is not difficult to imagine that the teenagers in Nigeria, using Ado Local
Government Area of Ekiti as a case study should be motivated to learn and speak
English language because it is something of value to their performance in the
class and also of great importance to their future.
In Nigeria focusing on Ado Local Government Area, some teenagers cannot speak
English language fluently but resorted to their mother tongue due to high level
of illiteracy and also to their cultural background and this may hinder them
from exhibiting brilliancy in their academic works. Not only for teenagers to
reach their goals set up for English language, but in accordance with the
curriculum for English language, they should also bear in mind they will also
be equipped with enough English language skills to relate with anybody in the
nearest future and with the interest to continue developing their English
speaking and learning skills it will contribute to their general academics in
school and also after finishing school. Sequentially to reaching this aim, we
believe that it is important that the teenagers feel that the English language somehow
develops their personality and that they find that they have to speak and learn
English language also outside the English classroom. Teenagers must be stirred
to have an interest in English language and developing good attitudes towards
its usage knowing that English language can help us to express our opinions,
hopes, and even our dreams (Tavil, 2009). In English Language learning and
speaking context, there are various factors that influence the learning and
speaking process such as motivation, attitudes, anxiety, learning, achievements,
aptitudes, intelligence, age, personalities, etc.
attitude is a convenient and efficient way of explaining consistent patterns in
behavior (Mamun, et al., 2012) as it often manages to summarize, explain, and
predict behavior (Baker, 1992). Accordingly, it may be assumed that teenager’s attitudes
towards English language speaking and learning may enhance and influence his
relationship among with his peers and the class performance (Mealey 1990).
studies on teenager’s attitudes to English language have revealed that there is
a strong relationship between attitude and achievement (Hough and Piper, 2008).
Fakeye (2010) claim that attitude is a vital factor that influence English language
performance. Also, Padwick (2010) stated that apart from the way of intellectual,
the nature of learning and speaking English language depends on the learners’
motivation and attitude to learn the
language. After World War II, English became
lingua franca throughout the world. (Acat and Demiral (2002) stated that it has
become a necessity for nations to learn and speak the world language of English
in addition to their own language. There is no hesitation that English is the
international scientific language and the world language today, as well as the
language use on mass media, such as on computers and televisions (Eskicumali
and Turedi 2010).
Many scholars focused on attitude
about than a century ago. Initially, Baker, (1992) described attitude as a
physical posture or pose that a person adopted when he or she had their
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
discuss or communicate very often among themselves just as lecturers do while
imparting knowledge. In Nigeria as a whole, Good attitude to English language is
needed for ease of communication even when the language of communication is
also as diverse as the many tribes of teenagers that are present. It is
expected therefore that different mother tongues will be used in different area
of the country including Ado Local government. The researcher remains curious
how teenagers in this study area manage to communicate in English language and
also their attitude towards the language in a situation where their tribal
language is very dominant. The study further seeks to define how the
predominant use of English Language will affect the lives of teenagers most
especially in their academics and other facets of life as inferred from their
attitude to English language. Also, the researcher is curious as to whether the
constant usage of English language in teenagers will subdue their interest in
the use of their mother-tongue in the long run or worse still lead to the use
of adulterated mother tongue, or diminished interest in it.
1.3 PURPOSE OF STUDY
general purpose of this study is to analyze the attitudes of teenagers to
English language in Ado Local Government Area while the specific objectives
To examine the attitude of teenagers to
English Language in Ado Local Government Area.
To examine the level to which
teenagers are able to speak English language
amidst diverse languages in Ado Local Government Area
To examine the academic performances
of teenagers in English language in Ado Local Government area;
To examine the views of the teenagers
towards English language in Ado Local Government.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
trying to find solutions to specific problems arising from the attitudes of
teenagers to English Language in Ado Local Government Area, the following
research questions were raised:
What is the attitude of teenagers to
English Language in Ado Local Government Area?
To what level do teenagers able to
speak English language amidst diverse languages in Ado Local Government Area?
What is the academic performances of
teenagers in English language in Ado Local Government area?
What are the views of the teenagers
towards English language in Ado Local Government?
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY
following are the significance of this study:
The outcome of this research work on
the attitude of teenagers to English language will form a useful guide for ministries,
schools and government in determining the approach that can be adopted to make
English language a top priority in the school’s curriculum which the knowledge
derived from their attitude. It will also educate the general public on the attitudes
of teenagers to English language
This research will be a contribution
to the body of literature in the area of the attitudes of teenagers to English
language, thereby constituting the empirical literature for future research in
the subject area.
1.6 SCOPE/LIMITATIONS OF STUDY
study is limited teenagers of Ado Local Government Area of Ekiti state. It will
also cover their attitudes to speaking and learning of English language.
LIMITATION OF STUDY
constraint- Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency
of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or
information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and
constraint- The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with
other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for
the research work.
1.7 DEFINITIONS OF TERMS
is an expression of favor or disfavor toward a person, place, thing, or event.
is the act of acquiring new, or modifying and reinforcing existing, knowledge,
behaviors, skills, values, or preferences which may lead to a potential change
in synthesizing information, depth of the knowledge, attitude or behavior
relative to the type and range of experience
is a person aged from puberty to maturity, commonly between the ages of 13 and
Language: it is a language that has its origin from England
Government: is a form of public administration which, in a majority of
contexts, exists as the lowest tier of administration within a given state.
chapter is the first chapter and the general introduction to this research work
with the main aim of analyzing the attitude of teenagers to English Language in
Ado Local Government Area. The chapter is comprised of the background of the
study, problem statement, research purposes and questions, significance, scope
and limitations of studies and finally the definitions of key terms that are
related to the variables under study. The next chapter will contain the
conceptual, theoretical and empirical review of related literature.