EVALUATION OF DISCIPLINARY PROCESS AND IMPLICATION FOR SECONDARY SCHOOL ADMINISTRATION (A CASE STUDY OF OJO LOCAL EDUCATIONAL DISTRICT OF LAGOS STATE)
1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Child discipline is as old as the
existence of mankind. In the Garden of Eden, Adam and Eve transgressed Gods law
and disciplinary action was taken against them.
Thereafter discipline became an
integral part of human growth and development, hence the proverb “spare the rod
and spoil the child”. In fact the Bible construes the spearing of the rod as an
open act of child neglect and hate, parents therefore are expected to correct
or discipline their children. This means that discipline deals with good behaviour
and every society wants its children to get proper socialization.
In the recent past there has been
an increase in public attention to the problems of discipline in the country in
general and in the secondary school system in particular. It is quite obvious
that this disgraceful and unfortunate incident to happen pretty often nowadays
in our secondary schools of learning for instance, a principal of a secondary
school could be chased out of his own house with sticks, stones and cutlasses
by his own student. This sounds pathetic as it is ridiculous. Rules and
regulations are no longer obeyed in our secondary schools. It therefore follows
that the students do not ant to obey their teachers and principal and
consequently take laws into their hands.
Discipline involves self-control,
restraints respect for self and respect for others. The disciplined person is
guided in his behaviour, moral and social principles and does what is right and
good because he believes that such behaviour is better than actions which ban
harm other people.
1.2 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The Purpose of this study therefore is to:
Examine the disciplinary approaches on secondary
school students in Ojo Local Educational District.
Determine whether the disciplinary processes/strategies
has in any way affects the school administration in Ojo district.
Identify the method of change in disciplinary
strategies over the years.
Aim at identifying the challenges confronting
teachers experiences with regards to the implementation of the student
Provide suggestions and recommendations to the
school administrators and how to improve discipline in Ojo secondary schools.
1.3 STATEMENT OF THE STUDY
This study sought to investigate the effect disciplinary procedures in
Ojo secondary school administration.
It is obvious that students are priceless assets and most essential
elements in education. It is absolutely necessary to direct students to exhibit
acceptable attitude and behaviour within and outside the school. In an attempt
to achieve an organized and peaceful school environment and maintain law and
order, school managements specifies rules and regulations to guide the
activities of members of the educational organization.
In Ojo where discipline is a serious
problem, for example, where students bully others. Parents of these students,
transfers their children to ‘better’ schools outside the district, and because
according to Rigdy (2000) the well behaved usually perform well so their
transfer can affect the overall performance of that school. Some troublesome
students sometimes make teachers react emotionally to the extent of using
punishment which according to McManus (1995) does not discourage mis-behaviour
but rather reinforces the students view of adult as treacherous”.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
This study was designed to address the following research question:
What are the disciplinary approaches on students
of Ojo secondary schools?
What is the relationship between students
discipline and school administration?
What are the challenges confronting teachers
experience with regards to the implementation of the students discipline
How prevalence its effect on Ojo local district
What factors contribute to students’ mis-behaviour
in Ojo local education district?
H1: There is no significant difference between
students discipline and Ojo school administration
H2: There is no significant relationship between
non-conducive environment and discipline approaches in Ojo local education
H3: There is no significant relationship between
disciplinary approaches and the standard of education in Ojo local education
H4: There is no significant relationship between
corruption on the part of the school administrations and disciplinary
strategies in Ojo local education district.
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
is hoped that at the end of this study the findings will:
Help the secondary school administrators know on
how best to administer disciplinary strategies on students.
Help the students to be more committed to their
academic work, happy and useful to the society.
Help parents to know that a child is brought
into this world so that the society may create or mould him/her accordingly to
fit well into the existing way of life.
Help the secondary school administrators
evaluate the proposed rule necessary for the orderly and effective operation of
Serve as a reference material for future and
today’s researchers who may be interested in a similar study.
1.7 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This research, while not pretending to provide all the answers to the
evaluation of Disciplinary processes and its implication for secondary school
This research work is limited in
scope to randomly selected students, teachers and parents in Ojo local
1.8 DEFINITION AND CLARIFICATION OF TERMS
Evaluation:- This means finding out or deciding the value
Discipline: It involves training the mind and
character to produce self control.
Disciplinary Process:- This involves the cause of enforcing
Implication:- This is a possible effect or
result of an action.
School Administration:- Process through which policies related to educational
objectives are executed and achieved