1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Human society can grow where there is
growth of knowledge of which knowledge grows through education and
research. So, the primary purpose of
research is to contribute to the growth of ideas. Through research, new ideas are created and
knowledge is increasingly enriched. A
research work is a serious academics project which requires a high sense of
responsibility, initiative, discipline, honesty and objectivity.
The research focuses on the
challenges and prospects of teaching and learning of verbs in secondary
schools. Abel Olaniyi (2012:58) sees
research as reports of experimentation or investigation geared toward the
discovery and interpretation of facts, revision of accepted theories or laws in
the light of new facts, or practical application of such new or revised
theories or laws.
Research appears to be making an
increasing impact on our everyday lives.
In public discussions today, the evidence of this fact is considered to
be important. We are unlikely to accept
authoritative statements without some explanation to prove the statement; As a
result, we are in danger sometimes of being swamped by facts. The trouble is that the facts cannot always
be trusted. Every profession requires
its members to acquire certain specialized abilities and teaching is no
exception (LUX, 1972).
Among the specialized abilities of a
classroom teacher is to have some certain behaviors which promote both the
teaching of the subject English language and the student's attitude in learning
the word class "VERBS". Verbs as a word class are very important because
they are the actions performed in a sentence.
Teacher's classroom Interactions can
be analyzed in order to obtain information on how to be effective with regards
to the teaching and learning process in the classroom and selection of teaching
methods for which to develop and control their behavior in a continuing
programme of self- development.
There is the need for using different
methods in teaching different groups of students, For instance, in teaching the
word class "Verbs" the teacher needs to make it an interactive class
for the students, so, the demonstration method should be applied rather than
the lecture method to make the subject easy
However the only way to find out the
usefulness of the different methods is to observe their behavior in different
ability levels, in selection of methodology of teaching the teacher has to bear
i. How should English language be
teaching method would be suitable in the teaching of English language, Verbs in
iii. What is the role of group discussion and
There are basically several methods
of observing English verbs teachers, two of these are:
i. Interaction Analysis
ii. Topological Studies, that is, step by step
observation based on record.
It is generally accepted that
application and understanding of education events are essential to any analysis
of educational process. Teachers should analyze their classroom interaction in
order to obtain effective learning, especially, their own actions during the
process of teaching and learning English verbs.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM.
For many years now, there have been
expressed concerns about the problems laced by the most teachers in teaching
English verbs and also most students who do not perform excellently in their
English language especially in the word class, verbs, aspect in secondary
schools. Such problems include:
Insufficient training, inadequate
facilities, poor teaching techniques and inappropriate language communication
skills. A.N Akwuanya(2009), Observed that the low performance of Nigerian
students in English language both in terminal and secondary school certificate
examinations has been worsening since the mid-1970s and it is often attributed
to factors like:
attitudes towards the second language
investment in Education
iii. Poor training of teachers
iv. Lack of commitment among teachers
v. Poor teaching methods
It is in view of this that the
research is carried out to find out the challenges and prospects of teaching
and learning English verbs in secondary schools and at the end suggest possible
sections for effective teaching and learning.
OF THE STUDY
The purpose of this study is:
i. To identify and examine the group of
verbs as a word class.
ii. To high tight and examine the areas in
which students are deficient in the verb class.
iii. To investigate the attitudes of the
teachers towards the teaching of the verb class.
The following research questions
would guide this study:
i. What are the inhibiting factors faced by
students in identifying and discussing the various verb groups?
ii. What efforts are made by the students in
tackling these problem areas in the study of the verb groups?
iii. How does the attitude of the English
teachers affect the learning process?
OF THE STUDY
Any venture into the problem of
teaching and learning is a step further in the advancement of education,
therefore, this study is expected to be of help to any English teacher who desires
to teach English Grammar especially the "VERB" as it helps in improving teaching and
learning and also in putting the secondary students straight on the idea of the
Moreover, it would help in
understanding the various problems affecting the teaching as well as the
learning of verbs so as to proffer a solution to the problem as the future of
our youths depends on the back ground we are able to provide for them.
1.6 SCOPE OF
For this research, we are limited to
studying only verb groups and the challenge it poses in teaching and learning
in secondary schools in Lagos State.
1.7 DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY.
This study cannot cover the whole of Lagos
State due to time factor and financial constraints so; it would be limited to
just two (2) secondary schools in Alimosho Local Government Area in Lagos State,
VERB: - A verb
from the Latin word 'Verbum' meaning word is a part of speech that conveys an
action E.g. bring, read, walk, run, learn, drive, an occurrence E.g. happen,
become, or, a state of being E.g. be, exist, stand. In this study, it is the most important.
This is someone whose job it is to impact knowledge on learners.
This is the activity of transferring body of knowledge to the students.
This is the acquisition of knowledge or skills through experience, practice, or
study or being taught.
LEARNER: - A
learner is someone who learns from a teacher or takes up knowledge or beliefs.
ENGLISH: - A
branch of the West Germanic Languages studied world over for effective