Background to the study.
Aviation has become an integral part of
the socioeconomic life of the country. According to Igbatayo and
Igbinedion (2014: 1), the aviation industry can be defined as those
activities that relate directly to transporting people and goods by air
from one place to another. The industry comprises various activities
such as airline and transport operations, general aviation aircraft
maintenance, scheduled and chartered flights for passengers and freight,
as well as air traffic control and regulation. It also includes
activities directly serving air passengers, such as check-in, baggage
-handling and on-site retail and catering facilities (OEF, 1999)cited in ( Igbatayo and Igbinedion 2014:3).
It is important to note that the
aviation sector is regarded as a strategic industry, not only for its
potential for economic growth but also its crucial role in national
development and regional integration. As put by (OEF 1999), the most
important contribution aviation often makes to the economy is through
its impact on the performance of other industries and as a facilitator
of their growth.
The aviation industry is part of transport infrastructure on which many other part of the
economy depends. It contributes to the economic growth, providing better transport link
across the economy. It facilities international trade by providing fast transportation network (Ismail et al 2014: 93).
Statement of the problem.
The aviation industry is a sector in
its own right employing aviation workers and providing livelihood
opportunity to service providers in the industry. According to Owopoti
(2014: 2), the industry facilitates productivity growth because of its
position as rapidly growing sector that catalyzes foreign direct
investment, tourism and related
industries. This was further emphasised
by (Perovic 2013: 57) when he argued that the industry has a significant
benefit in the Nigerian economy, supporting Nigeria GDP of about 4% and
job creation of about 159,000 of Nigerian working force, contribution
to tourism industry and foreign investment in the Nigerian economy. He
further notes that the aviation industry supports tourism and
international business by providing the world’s only rapid worldwide
transportation network. However, the Nigerian aviation industry is yet
to contribute significantly to economic growth. Despite the potential of
the sector to create employment and spur the development of other
industries, such as the tourism and hospitality sector. The lack of
adequate infrastructure and some other challenges have constrained the
aviation industry in Nigeria. This contradictory view is authors in
examining the role of aviation industry in the economic development of
Nigeria spurred interest in researching this topic. Many authors have
examined the aviation industry in Nigeria; while some argued that the
implications have been positive, some argued that it has been negative
while some argued that the aviation industry has not had any implication
on the economic development of Nigeria. This study intends to fill this
gap in the literature by examining the aviation industry and its
implication for Nigerian economic development. Emphasis will be placed
on the nature of the aviation sector in Nigeria since inception and how
it has contributed to economic development.
Objectives of the study.
The main objective of this study is to
examine the implication of aviation industry in the economic development
of Nigeria. In order to achieve this objective, the following are the
1.) Examine the aviation industry in Nigeria since inception
2.) Explore how the activities of the aviation industry have influenced the economic development of Nigeria.
3.) Investigate the relationship between aviation industry and economic development.
1.) What is aviation industry?
2.) What is the relationship between aviation industry and economic development?
3.) What is the role of aviation industry in the economic development of a country?
4.) What are the implications of the aviation industry on the economic development of Nigeria.
Significance of the study.
This study is very significant as it
provides a unique way of exploring into the factors that can contribute
to the economic development of Nigeria. It has been discovered that
little emphasis has been placed on the implications of aviation industry
in economic development and hence, exploring this topic will add
significantly to the literature and further provide ways by which the
industry can be fully maximised in developing the economy.
It will also help student researchers to fully understand the aviation industry and further write on the topic.
Scope of the study.
This study covers the aviation industry
in Nigeria right from inception, and the contributions and activities of
this industry to the economic development of Nigeria.
1.) There is no significant relationship between aviation industry and economic development.
2.) There is significant relationship between aviation industry and economic development.
Limitation of the study.
This study is really limited in terms of
gathering materials. The aviation industry is a very strategic sector
of the economy and as such enough materials were not found.
1.) Aviation industry: this can be
defined as those activities that relate directly to transporting people
and goods by air from one location to another (Igbatayo and Igbinedion
2.) Economy: this refers to a man made
organization for the satisfaction of human wants. It is a system by
which people get a living.
3.) Economic development: It can be
defined as the development of economic wealth of countries, regions or
communities for the well-being of their inhabitants. From a policy
perspective, economic development can be defined as efforts that seek to
improve the economic well-being and quality of life for a community by
creating and/or retaining jobs and supporting or growing incomes and the
tax base (Salmon Valley and Innovation Centre).
1.) Igbatayo, S. and Igbinedion, S.
(2014), "The State of Nigeria's Aviation Industry and Implications for
Economic Development", PHD.
2.) Ismail M., Musa I., Daniel, D.,
Gaddafi A. (2014), "Analysis of the economic benefits of Gombe
International Airport in Nigeria", Global Journal of Research and Review, 1(3): 93-102.
3.) Owopoti, A. (2015), "Aviation Industry Development in the Nigeria Economy", JORIND 13(2): 1-10.
4.) Perovic, J. (2013), "The Economic
Benefits of Aviation and Performance in the Travel and Tourism
Competitiveness Index", The Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Report.