The rising profile of poverty
in Nigeria is assuming a worrisome dimension as empirical studies had shown. Nigeria, a sub-saharan African
country, has at least half of its population living in abject poverty according
to Ojo, 2008 Similarly, the publication of the Federal Office of Statistics
(1996) reveals that poverty has been massive, pervasive and engulfs a large
proportion of the Nigerian society. Abiola
and Olaope 2008) also state that, the scourge of poverty in Nigeria is an
incontrovertible fact, which results in hunger, ignorance, malnutrition,
disease, unemployment, poor access to credit
facilities and low life expectancy.
Nwaobi (2003) in his opinion
asserts that Nigeria presents a paradox in which the country is rich, but the
people are poor, As noted by Omotola
(2008), Nigeria is richly endowed and the country's wealth potentials manifests
in the form of natural, geographical
and socio-economic factors, With this condition, Nigeria should rank among the
richest countries of the world that should have no business with extreme
poverty. However, Ope and Abu (2009) specifically remark that Nigeria has witnessed
a monumental increase in the level of poverty. According to them, the poverty
stood at 74.2% in
the year 2000.
Looking at the records from the
Federal Office of Statistics as documented by Garba (2006), it reveals that
about 15% of the Nigerian population was poor in 1960 but the figure rose to
28% in 1980 and by 1996, the incident of poverty in Nigeria was 76.6million
people. In the present decade, the issue of poverty alleviation is once again
back in the international limelight. To
the Intertional Labour Organization (ILO), poverty is not a new agenda. Since 1944, the ILO has held fast to its declaration
that "poverty anywhere is a threat to prosperity everywhere"
stressing the importance of poverty alleviation to the world attention. A
number of other international bodies are now paying much more attention
poverty, for instance the World Bank.
The Inter-American Development
Bank has intact actually adopted a policy that half of its loans have to
contribute directly to poverty reduction. The recent of Non- Governmental
Organizations (NGOs) constitutes a yet more the poverty alleviation campaign in
most developing countries lately. Against the background of Economic Adjustment
Policy which is largely growth a need to have a thorough examination of various
challenges experienced so far in alleviating poverty for a better futuristic
approach to be put in place.
1.2 Statement of
Poverty alleviation is a task
for economy policy and to reach the poor effectively; anti poverty programmes
are really vital in Lagos state, Besides, statistics shows that 70% of the
population of 9 million people lives below 1 dollar
per day in which there is inadequate housing, epileptic enemy supply, lack of
portable water, low agricultural output, decayed educational system, partial
health care under capacity utilization of the industrial sector, weak financial
Lagos state is a contradiction
of sorts, unarguably it is a State well endowed with abundant human and natural
resources, the condition of the society is a viz a viz development and the
welfare of the people leaves much to be desired.
Therefore, Lagos State
government has, risen up to the challenged of this disease known as poverty.
The State Government knew that solutions could not be achieved through personal
efforts therefore; embark on organizing various social programme.
In essence, the fundamental
focus of this study is to examine the various programmes that the Lagos State
Government has organized in order to alleviate poverty in the state and the
challenges and the prospects of those programmes.
Aim and Objectives
The aim of this study is to
examine the challenges and prospects of poverty alleviation programmes in Lagos
The objectives of this study are
i. Examine which programmes put
in place by Lagos State Government in alleviating poverty in State.
ii. Identify the various
beneficiaries of such programmes and the extent to which the programme has
helped in alleviating poverty in the State.
iii. Assess people's opinion on
the government's effort in alleviating poverty in the state so far.
1.4 Research Questions
This research question were set
in order to have better understanding about the issue of poverty in order to be
able to trace the various techniques put in place in alleviating poverty both
in international, national and state levels. The latter which have really been
the major focus of this project work.
i. What is poverty?
ii. Who are the vulnerable of poverty?
iii. What are the categories of poverty?
iv. What are the various
prograrnmes put in place and their effectiveness in a alleviating poverty in
v. What are the problems facing in achieving poverty alleviation
in the State?
H1: There is a significant relationship between Lagos State
Poverty Alleviation Programmes and the rate of poverty among people in the
Ho: There is no significant relationship between
Lagos State Poverty Alleviation Programmes and the rate of poverty among pie in
H1: There are challenges and prospects being encountered in alleviating poverty by the Lagos
Ho: There are no challenges and prospects being encountered
across in alleviating poverty by the Lagos State Government.
H1: There are challenges and prospects being encountered in
alleviating poverty by the Lagos State Government.
Ho: There are no challenges and prospects being
encountered cross in alleviating poverty by the Lagos State Government.
1.6 The Research Methodology
The study will employ the
chi-square analysis method measure the degree of effectiveness of the embarked
on by the Lagos State Government in Ikeja Local Government Area of the State.
Chi-square is defined as
For this study, Ikeja Local
Government Area was used as a case study.
From this Local Government Area, four major areas were administered with
questionnaire. These areas include
Opebi, Allen Avenue, Balogun and Toyin Street. A total number of 100 questionnaires were
randomly administered to the people living in the four selected study areas.
1.6.2 Source of Data
For this research study, both
primary and secondary data were consulted for
Primary Data:- In
collecting data through this method,
both structured questionnaire and interview guide were used. The structured
questionnaire was used to collect information from the people living in the selected
areas within the study area. Also, the interview guide was used to gather information
from Lagos State Women Affair and Poverty Alleviation
This is to obtain Information on their opinion about Lagos State Poverty Alleviation programmes put in place.
Secondary Data:- These
were obtained from journals, conference and seminar papers as well as review of
various studies and literatures on poverty.
Tools of Data Analysis
The data collected from this
survey were analyzed using descriptive and inferential tools enhance further
illustration. Also, Statistical Package
for Social Sciences(SPSS) software were used for analyzing data collected and
Chi-Square was used to test for the three hypothesis set.
1.7 The Significance of the Study
This study makes possible the
understanding of how government has intervened in the alleviation of poverty in
the State using Ikeja Local Government Area as a case study. Moreover, this
study also looked at the various challenges facing the government in achieving
its objectives and its prospect so far in the state.
The res Its
of the findings were used in providing recommendations towards effective policy
making as regards poverty alleviation programmes in the Lagos State.
1.8 The Scope and
Limitation of the Study
focuses on Ikeja Local Government Area in Lagos state. It examines some f the activities of the gove1lment in alleviating
poverty as regards development in the Local Government Area. However, the
findings gave a vivid account of both problems and success encountered far in
establishing poverty alleviation programmes in the State.
1.9 Definitions of Terms
FOS - Federal
Office of Statistics
ILO - International
NGOs - Non
DAC - Development
LAWMA - Lagos
State Waste Management Agency
1.10 Organisation of the Study
The project work is divided
into (5) chapters. Chapter one consist of Introduction, Statement of the
problems, Aim and objectives of the Study, Research Questions, Research
Hypothesis, Research Methodology, Significance of the Study, Scope and Limitation
of the Study, Plan of the Study.
Chapter Two consist of
Literature Review while Chapter Three includes, Research methodology, the Study
Area, the Sample Size, Target Population, Method of Data Analysis and Research
Hypothesis. Chapter Four consist of the
Research Methodology, Data Analysis and Interpretation of the results with
Chapter Five focusing on the Summary,
Conclusion and Recommendations
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