DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A WEATHER FORECASTING PACKAGE FOR AVIATION INDUSTRY (AUTOMATED FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM)
The flagrant rate of plane crash in the country
toady has given much concern and desire to carry out this “Design and
Implementation of a whether fore-casting package for aviation industries”.
researcher having been a student for some years now was disturbed by the rate
of plane crash and the rate at which lives and properties worth billions of
naira were lost in the process.
the economic hardship is the society today, changes must be made to the
patterns of operation of the Aviation industries is our country so that timely
and efficient decision-making is taken for efficient utilization of available
should be provided with sophisticates instruments and equipment for whether
observation and recording is order to reduce the rate of unpredictability in
plane-crash in our country. The Nigerian Airport Authority Metrological
Department and station was chosen as a case study.
expected officers were interviewed in this department. The date used for the
design were collected through this method and also through observation methods,
which were carried out on several occasions of visit to this organisation. It
was observed that, without a whether forecasting package, timely and efficient
aviation operation would not be achieved.
project is divided into seven chapters as follows:
One is the introduction. It contains some sub-heading like the statement of the
problem, purpose of the study, the aim and objectives of the study, the scope
and delimitations, limitations and constraint and the limitations and
constraint and the definitions of term.
Two deals on the literature review.
Three talks about the description and analysis of the existing system which
includes the facts findings method used, organisational structure, objective of
the existing system, the input, process, and the output analysis, the
information flow diagram, the problem of the existing system and the
justification of the new system.
Chapter four is about the design if the new
system and it involves output specification and design, input specification and
design, file design, procedure chart, system flow chart and the system’s
five is the implementation it include program deign, program flow charts.
Pseudocodes, the source program and the test program (run).
six deals on documentation
seven is made up of the recommendation and conclusion
references follow after chapter seven.
Information flow diagram
We are all aware of the diverse and important role
Aviation can play in the social and economic way of any nation. Aviation
provides effective and timely, national and international transport for people
and freight. Transport can be defined as factor of the created importance in
all economic activities. It appears true to say that the structure of the
transportation network tells the story of the economic development within the
areas. Each of the main type of transportation so far developed, namely; road,
rail and air transportation operates in different manner and places particular
areas and sites and has an advantage at least over one another.
Here, we consider only the air transportation, which
involves whether predictions before its operations. Whether is the condition of
the atmosphere at a certain place at a specific time. It is therefore a day to
day or even an hourly affair. Weather is a local. This means time and place of
recording is very essential. On the other hand, climate is the description of the
average condition of the atmosphere over a considerable area for along time (at
least thirty five years). The study of the climate of an area includes,
temperature, rainfall, wind and pressure, amount of sunshine, humidity and
1.1 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
usually do the observation and recording of weather inputs. Due to the complex
nature of these recording, they encounter some problems during their work. The
of adequate instruments and equipment for taking accurate readings and
description of weather inputs by these meteorologists which leads to wrong
use of database and organisation.
1.2 PURPOSE OF STUDY
The need for weather information for the safe
generation of aircraft was first recognized on the very day the Wright Brothers
(Willbur and Orill) made a historic flight demonstration on 17 December, 1903.
during the demonstration sudden strong guest of wind damaged their aircraft.
Other flight made during the early year up Aviation indicated that weather
information and forecasting played a major role in Aviation operation. It was
also discovered that flights were impossible under poor visibility and lows clouds.
This situation is still witnessed till date. So, the purpose of this study is
to receive meteorologists from the cumbersome nature of their, job, which is
hourly observation and recording. It will also reduce the mistake they make in
their description of weather condition, which will lead to timely and efficient
1.3 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES
to the problem of inadequate instruments and equipment for taking accurate
weather inputs that lead to wrong forecasting and wrong use of database.
aim and objectives of this project is to design a weather forecasting package
that will help the Aviation industries to weather forecast effectively.
defines what the precise limits of the possible area are: in this study the
scope or delimitation will be meteorological department and weather station of
the Enugu State Airport Authority Emene. The methods of weather observation,
recording and instruments used will be considered. The reasons for lack of
weather forecasters in the organisation will also be taken in account.
These are those conditions beyond the control
of this project. The major limitation to this study is time factor. Others
includes money or financial consideration, accurate information and appropriate
1.6 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Air-Craft: This is an automated flying machine
Air-Port: This is a public flying ground use by airliners
usually with offices for customers and immigrations.
Computer: This is an electronic device capable of accepting
data through the input medium, processing the data and giving at out the result is the output section. it at
well store data (processed/raw data).
Forecast: This means predicting before the outcome of an
GMT: This means Greenwich Mean Time. It is the
universally accepted time used in Aviation operation by the world
Meteorology: This is the specific study of the earth’s atmosphere
and its changes.
Nosig: This means that there is not likely to be any
significant change is the weather within the next, two (2) hours.