1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY
In many tertiary
institutions in the country, students seek a project in a given field of
specialty as part of the upper level of their degree programme. Usually, a
project can be filled by at most one student, though in some cases a project is
suitable for more than one student to work on simultaneously. To give students
something of a choice, there should be as wide a range of available projects as
possible, and in any case the total number of project places should not be less
than the total number of students. Typically a lecturer will also offer a range
of projects, but does not necessarily expect that all will be taken up.
Each student has
preferences over the available projects that he/she finds acceptable, whilst a
lecturer will normally have preferences over the students that he/she is
willing to supervise. There may also be upper bounds on the number of students
that can be assigned to a particular project, and the number of students that a
given lecturer is willing to supervise. In this paper we consider the ways of
allocating student project in our various institutions.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE
The traditional way
of allocating project to students in our higher institution need to be
reconsidered since project/research writing is sensitive aspect of student
education in the higher institution.
Before now, lecturers
ask students to go out and get project topics for themselves for approval. This
system made project writing look less like a class assignment which does not require
an extra effort to complete rather an issue of copying.
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE
With the advancement
in file saving and file retrieval system, institution cannot afford to be
ignorant of the basic tool, which is the driving force behind technological
Much can be achieve if an institution have
a well organized management system. Students project can easily be allocated to
each or group of students without the problem of delayed project allocation
from the supervisor or conflict of topic between two individual or group of
student in the same department. Students update can be easily be accessed if
the database system is enhanced.
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF
Projects provide a
flexible framework for engaging students in exploring curricular topics and
developing important 21st century skills, such as communication, teamwork, and
technology skills. In addition, students are motivated by the fun and creative
format and the opportunity to make new friends around the world. For teachers,
a school portal enables quick and easy management of student accounts and
review of project work.
1.5 SCOPE OF STUDY
The research will
center on the design and implementation of Student Project Allocation and
Management system for the department of computer science in the polytechnic of
1.6 LIMITATION OF
Usually, every work
has some limitations and this study is not exempted.
The two major
limitations of this study are the time limits within which the study is expected
to be completed as well as financial constraints. The time constraint prevents
the researcher to have an in depth study and analysis on the subject matter.
While the issue of financial constraint limits the frequency of investigation
to/fro the institution toward gathering the necessary information relevant for
1.7 DEFINITION OF
HTML CODE- HTML
stands for Hyper Text Markup
Language. It is a type of computer
language that is primarily used for files that are posted on the internet and
viewed by web
browsers. HTML files can also be sent via email.
Markup language - A
markup language is a combination of words and symbols which give instructions
on how a document should appear. For example, a tag may indicate that words are
written in italics or bold type.
Web browser - A Web
browser is a software program that interprets the coding language of the World
Wide Web in graphic form, displaying the translation rather than the coding.
This allows anyone to “browse the Web” by simple point and click navigation, bypassing
the need to know commands used in software languages.
File extension - A
file extension is the suffix at the end of a filename that tells a computer,
and the computer user, which program is needed to open the file. Also called a
filename extension, this suffix preceded by at least one period, is generally
one to five characters long but the norm is usually three characters in length.
Email - Email, also
sometimes written as e-mail, is simply the shortened form of electronic mail, a
protocol for receiving, sending, and storing electronic messages. Email has
gained popularity with the spread of the Internet. In many cases, email has
become the preferred method of communication.
TCP/IP - This often
used but little understood set of operations stands for Transmission
Control Protocol/Internet Protocol. TCP/IP is the combination of the two and
describes the set of protocols that allows hosts to connect to the Internet. In
actuality, TCP/IP is a combination of more than those two protocols, but the
TCP and IP parts of TCP/IP are the main ones and the only ones to become part
of the acronym
that describes the operations involved
TEXT FILE - A text
file is a computer
file that stores a typed document as a series of alphanumeric characters, usually
without visual formatting information. The content may be a personal note or
list, a journal or newspaper article, a book, or any other text that can be
rendered accurately in typewritten form.
Hyper Link - A hyperlink is a graphic or a piece of text
in an Internet document that can connect readers to another webpage, or another
portion of a document. Web users will usually find at least one hyperlink on
every webpage. The simplest form of these is called embedded text or an
www – acronym
for World Wide Web