DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A COMPUTERIZED FARM MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM
In this study the researcher aimed at computerizing
piggery farm management information system. A piggery farm is a kind of
farm management where pigs are been reared and care for, for the
purpose of production to do this the researcher under want a thorough
interview where she was able to discover some problems associated with
the existing system of management information system which is manual
system. This problems have been hindering the growth of the management
till date and that is what called for this research work.
The attempt of other researchers, authors are reviewed to know their opinions patterning this problems / topic.
Oral interview were used to connect the datas needed for
this research work, and to researcher also added some of observation
made during the collection of datas.
In the chapter three, the researcher described and
analysis the existing system in order to tackle the problems in the
Chapter 4 and 5, the new system were designed and
implemented to replace the old / existing system which is manual system.
Finally, the researcher summarized the findings from the
data gotten. And resolved into making some reasonable recommendations
before concluding the work at last.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Table of content
1.1 Background of the study
1.2 Objective of the study
1.2.1 Statement of problem
1.3 Significant of the study
1.4 Scope of the study
1.6 Definition of terms
1.7 Project thesis
2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW
3.0 Overview of the existing system
3.1 Description and analysis of the existing system
3.2 Method of data collection
3.2.1 Interview method
3.2.2 Observation method
3.3 Input analysis
3.4 Process analysis
3.5 Output analysis
3.6 Problem of the existing system
3.7 Justification of the new system
4.0 Design of the new system
4.1 Output specification and design
4.2 Input specification and design
4.3 File design
4.4 Procedure chart
4.5 System chart
4.6 System requirement
5.1 Program design
5.2 Program flow chart
5.4 Source listing
5.5 Test run
7.0 RECOMMENDATION & CONCLUSION
Diggery farm is a part of animal section in NIGERIA PRISON
AGRICULTURE PROJECT, STATE COMMAND ENUGU (NPAPSE) Agriculture itself is a
science of farming. It can be practice for either animal production or
crop production purposes. This study is based on farm management
information system” a case study of a piggry farm. Piggry farm is an
example of animal farm which is practiced for the purpose of animal
production. Before a piggry farm could stand, there must be a boar at
least, sow / sows, pockers and piglet of different stages.
Once more the direction intention of this project is to computerize
farm management information system have been operated manually. Mis in
this orgnization was essentially operated with a great deal of human
efforts, and infact the activities of the organization in this system is
less challenging, less complex and hence organizations do this extents
small sized. Management information systems remain the system that aim
at providing information for the management on a regular basis. This
call to mind the time value of information which implies that when the
required information is received behind the period it will be used, the
information become useless. Mis dries to inform the manager how to
provide the information.
Management always aim at reading the climax in the decision
performance fort attainment of organizational objective but this
existing system could not attract such performance due to the lack of
effective information tool which can provide the management with quality
and needed information and at needed time. This system always result
to information over local which actually decreases the decision
performance in any management. Information they say is power. Quality
information is very vital do check in organization. The only
information tha can accelerate the management decision performance is
the information that process the good quality of information. Such
qualities of information comprises:
Despite these qualities management cannot achieve their objectives.
The decision performance also depend on the manager himself. The
manager must be able to identify problem, define the problem, analyse it
and suggest a possible solution to the problem. And for manager to do
these, he must be backup with informations required.
Due to the show mentioned faults and errors associated
with the existing system of management information an alternative system
is suggested which is a computerized system.
The technology have created an interesting opportunities
for all managers and as the technology is growing the researcher demand
it necessary to let the blowing wind reach the farm managers (piggry
farm managers) in their management information system. A software is
developed to replace this manual operation of Mis. This form of software
is an expert system.
Computerized farm management information system is a
software package that contains a lot of files and records the file that
was designed in detail is a sales file which each of it record consist
of files like varieties of pigs, quantity, price, weight, subtotal,
total amount grand total etc.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Nigeria Prison Agriculture Project, State Command
(NPAPSCE) stated its operation in Nigeria Prison State Command Enugu
between 1980-1981 under the management of MRS MARIA EBUCHE. NPAPSCE
started it operation with about three kinds of animals sections, poultry
department and crop department. As Nigeria Prison State Command seems
to be a world of its owner, the manager (DSP) did not relent at all
instead he worked indefatigably expand and introduce other animals to
the animal department
Around 1990, there came the expansion of the organization
/ management. That was when the idea of introducing piggry farm
section was accepted in anticipation of the management goals
achievement. This led to the origin of piggry farm in this management.
The piggry farm they said has provide worthwhile, it has contributed a
lot to the labor market and to the management itself. The piggry farm
are divided into subsection headedby DSP (manager). The sections are.
(1) Boar Section (2) Sow Section (3) Pocket Section
(4) Piglet Sections.
The management is also divided into management sections. Thus.
(1) Stock keeping (2) Feeding (3) Maintenance
(4) Health care, (5) finance, (6) Accounting (7) Marketing and Sales
Piggry Sales management is discussed in detail here.
1.2 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY.
The objective that led to this research work is basically to expose
the Nigeria farmers in general and especially NPADSCE farmer manager
with the effective, efficient, accurate and timely form of management
information system. That is to replace manual mis with computerized Mis.
The researcher hope to achieve the following after this research thus
- To equip all the manage with quality information on regular basis.
- To eliminate the steady decline in the management.
- To autonate all the activities of Mis
- To accelerate decision performance
- To design an expert system.
1.2.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
It is very unfortunate that the technology potentials has
not been fully or even adequately realized in the field of farm
management information. Very little farm managers has grabbed this
powerful it opportunities. This has put managers and researchers
behind. Some of the problems militating against high decision
performance and achievement of management goals are as follows:
- Lack of quality information tool.
- Lack of specialist in the field. Lack of technical – known how.
- Lack of sufficient fund
- Poor service render by the government
- Poor perception of economic benefit.
- Management decline
- Immobility etc.
1.3 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
In the event of the above mentioned faults and errors
discovered in the manual system. It is believed that the introduction
of a computerized system of Mis will change the whole thing positively.
It will totally eliminate the inherent problem which will in turn bring
about immense cash value to Nigeria Prison State Command, Enugu and to
all farm managers in Nigeria.
It will definitely expose and enlighten the staff and
managers of farm in NPAPSCE on what they supposed to know about their
management. In addition, it will bring about more noticeable
contribution and improvements to both the headquarters and other
branches nationwide to be able to defined their problems and find out
large on the favourable side.
Through the researcher restricted the study to NPAPSCE,
the result of the findings will let of immense benefits to all Nigeria
farm managers and as well to students conducting similar research work
on the same or related topics.
1.4 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
In the study of this nature, one would like to accumulate
information from many areas, But, in the view of the time given for
this research such a wide range could not be reached. The researcher
therefore, concentrated on the sales management information of pig in
Nigeria Prison Agric Project state command Enugu. The choice of sales
Mis was due to the time factor.
The source from which the necessary data were elicited
for carryout this research work is basically from primary source.
The researcher underwent a thorough interview, the farm
manager Mrs Maria Ebuche was interviewed and she was kind enough to
respond to the interview questions. Finally, informations were elicited
from the observation techniques during the investigation.