TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page - - - - - - - - - - i
Declaration - - - - - - - - - ii
Approval Page - - - - - - - - - iii
Dedication - - - - - - - - - - iv
Acknowledgement - - - - - - - - v
Table of Content - - - - - - - - - vi
1.0 Introduction - - - - - - - - 1
Background to the Study - - - - - - 2
Statement of the General Problem - - - - 4
Objective of the Study - - - - - - - 5
Statement of Hypothesis - - - - - - 5
Significance of the Study - - 6
Scope of the Study - - - 7
Limitation of the Study - - - - 7
Historical Background of the Case Study - - 8
Definition of Terms - - - - - - - 10
2.0 Introduction - - - - - - - - 13
2.1 Definition of
Leadership - - - - - - 13
2.2 Who is a
Leader? - - - - - - - 17
Sources of Power - - - - - - 17
2.4 Styles of
Leadership - - - - - - - 19
2.5 Function of
Leadership in an Organization - - - 22
2.6 Theories of
Leadership in an Organization - - - 24
2.7 Qualities of
a Good Leader - - - - - - 30
and Workers Performance in Organization - 34
Leadership with Human Relation in Organization Management toward Achieving
Organization Objectives 36
2.10 The Roles of
Effective Leadership in an Organization - 39
3.0 Introduction - - - - - - - - 42
Research Design - - - - - - - 42
Population - - - - - - - 43
3.3 Sampling size
and Sampling Technique - - - 43
3.4 Methods of
Gathering Data - - - - - - 44
of the Method Used - - - - - 44
3.6 Method of
Data Analysis - - - - - - 45
of Data Analysis - - - - - 46
OF DATA AND ANALYSIS
Introduction - - - - - - - - 47
Data Presentation - - - - - - - 47
Test of Hypothesis - - - - - - - 58
CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Summary of Findings - - - - - - - 61
Findings - - - - - - - - - 63
Conclusion - - - - - - - - - 64
Recommendations - - - - - - - 65
Bibliography - - - - - - - - - 68
Appendix - - - - - - - - - - 69
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
are increasingly challenge with many complex problem. There is a general outcry
that standard of organization are falling and output are flagging some blame
the workers for this apparent decline in organization output, a thoughtful few
think that they are due to the nature of change in all direction. Majority
blame the management for the woes in our organization; manager are not as
devoted and dedicated to the course of good output as their predecessors.
as a group blames the government for unattractive condition of services, policy
implementation and poor physical facilities in the organization.
an effective leadership influences a group of people in a particular situation
towards the achievement of a goal or set of organization goals. The leader must
be courageous in all aspect within the organization. An organization like Kaduna Polytechnic must
have a leader who is focus and be able to defend his action and the interest of
his subordinates. He must believes in his own potentials.
OF THE STUDY
is a social influencing process for the attainment of goals. A leader is the
most influential person in an organization
who provides direction, guides group activities and ensure that group
objectives are attained. The function of leadership persuades all organization;
a good leader therefore is one who is capable of persuading others to move
enthusiastically toward the achievement of group goals.
and Robert defined leadership as a process where one person exert social
influences over the member of a group. A leader then, is a person for the
purpose of influencing their behavior. It is safe to say that:
All leader have influence
They provide direction
They help in the achievement of
characteristically “induce” or “inspire” other to achieve. Leadership occurs
within a specific situation, in the social setting, there is a person, a
position and a situation. Despite all that has been written about leader, there
has no consensus concerning the primary role or function of leadership.
the ability to lead effectively is one of the key to being an effective manager
or leader. However, the essence of leadership is followership. In other words,
it is the willingness of the subordinate to follow that make a person a leader.
Moreso, people intend to follow those who they see as providing them a means of
achieving their own desires, want and needs.
lead is to guide, conduct, direct and precede. Leader act to help a group or
organization achieved objectives with maximum application of its capabilities.
They do not stand behind or a group to push or shout at them, they place
themselves before the group as they facilitate progress and inspire the group
to accomplish organizational goal. Therefore, leadership is to induce or
persuade all subordinate or follower to contribute willingly to achieve
research work is aimed towards finding solution to the numerous problem
leadership is face with in Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna. These problems include:
of Focus: Is a broad framework for action by defining major
objective. Inability of a leader to establish what the organization is trying
or aim to achieve.
of Leadership Skill: This include administrative
inability, lack of interpersonal relationship with subordinate.
of Confidence and Trust: A Leader that has local degree
of confidence and trust will not have full control over subordinate.
Embezzlement and mis-appropriation of fund by leader.
Autocratic Leadership instead of
It can do it alone syndrome among
OF THE STUDY
primary aim of this research work is to look into the following issues:
The role of effective leadership
toward achieving organizational objectives using Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna as a case study.
The study is also set out to find out
the factor affecting good leadership styles in the organization or factor
militating against achieving the organization objectives.
The study aim at suggesting possible
solution to the leadership problem in Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna and the
importance of having good and effective leaders.
work intends to investigate “the role of effective leadership toward achieving
organization objectives” with reference to Kaduna Polytechnic Kaduna. Research
What are the roles of effective
leadership styles in Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna?
Is there any positive impact of
effective leadership toward achieving organization objective?
What are the problems confronting
effective leadership in Kaduna Polytechnic Kaduna?
Is effective leadership is the best
interest of the organization and employee?
Is effective leadership to enhance
effective, efficient and dynamic workers character toward work and performance?
OF THE STUDY
research work is aimed at finding possible solution to leadership in Kaduna
this research work will also help government and non-governmental agencies to
understand the problem of effective leadership and to identify way of solving
the problem. The study will also help students or an institution who will also
want to make finding on a similar topic. Also, it will help any individual who
happen to lay his hand or read through the study to understand the role of
effective leadership in the society, organization, home and where human
resources are needed.
OF THE STUDY
scope of this research cover the leadership styles of Kaduna Polytechnic Kaduna
which is the case study of the project.
OF THE STUDY
constraints are encountered in carrying out this research work. The researcher
encountered the following problem in carrying out this study these are:
The research must survey all the five
(5) units of Kaduna Polytechnic Kaduna in concluding this research.
Another constraint is lack of
sufficient fund to move from one unit to another because the institutions have
5 units in different location.
Another prominent problem is time,
the time within which the study is to be carried out is acute.
BACKGROUND OF THE CASE STUDY
Polytechnic has grown from humble beginning in 1956 when it started as Kaduna
Technical Institute to what is today the largest polytechnic in Africa South of
the Sahara in terms of staff, student
population and physical infrastructure. It is the second oldest technological
institution in Nigeria,
the oldest being Yaba College of Technology which was established in 1948.
Kaduna Polytechnic is also the second largest tertiary institution in Nigeria after Ahmadu
Northern Nigeria executive council by
Conclusion No. 1 at its meeting of 17th August, 1962 re-designated
the Kaduna Technical Institute as the Polytechnic Kaduna. It became Kaduna
Polytechnic in 1968 under the federal government Decree No. 20 of 1963 which
was amended in 1979 by Decree No. 73 on 27th August, 1991, the
federal government look over the institution under Decree No. 40 of the same
institution was established with the object of providing diverse instructions,
training and research in technology, the sciences, commerce, the humanities and
in-service programmes for member of the Public Service in Nigeria in 1968, it
amalgamated two formerly technology (formerly Kaduna Technical Institute) and
the College of Administrative and Business Studies (formerly Staff Development
Centre). The college of environmental studies (formerly Survey Unit) was
integrated in April, 1970 to complete three collegiate structure of the
Polytechnic which operated until 1990.
1990 the College of Engineering was created out of the College of Science
and Technology. Also in 2006 the College
of Administrative and Business Studies
was splitted into two Colleges – College
of Business and Management Studies and
College of Administrative Studies and Social
Polytechnic is highly cosmopolitan with student admitted from all over Nigeria
and other countries. It has been in the forefront in the training of high and
middle level manpower for the various sector the nation’s economy.
College of Kaduna Polytechnic are located within Kaduna metropolis; the College
of Science and Technology (CST) and the College of Engineering (COE) are
located in the main campus in Tudun Wada, the College of Business and
Management Studies (CBMS) along the Golf Course Road, Unguwar Rimi with College
of Administrative Studies and Social Science on Kaduna – Kachia Bye Pass while
the College of Environmental Studies is located along Aliyu Makama Road,
college is headed by a Director who is responsible to the Rector for its day to
day administration. The colleges are organized into school and academic
departments. There are at present ten schools and thirty six departments.
the state or position to lead a group of people in a country or in an
Producing the result that is wanted or intended.
A set of goals that one is trying to achieve within a given period.
It is a process of arrange different unit within an organization with the aim
of working together to achieve a specific goal.
Thing this is part of a person character especially the good side.
To succeed in a particular goal status or standard, especially making an effort
for a long time.
The process of influencing one behavior with certain incentives to improve his
productivity or output.
A person with less power and authority in an organization and he is answerable
to a boss.
A person who is incharge of an organization or college.
A person whose job is to manage and organize the public or business affair of
an organization or institution.
person who leads a group of people especially the head of an organization,
Leader: A leader that carry all member of the
organization alone in decision making and running the business also known as
A person who is incharge of a work to ensure that everything is done correctly.
The principal in which a particular subject is based.
A pieces of work that one has to do especially hard or unpleasant one.