1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Administration in the
general sense is usually described in terms of a cooperative human effort
directed towards the achievements of agreed objectives. It is thus a social activity which can occur
in a wide variety of institutional frame work.
Administration in a political setting
and, as distinct from other forms of administration, is concerned with the
formulation and implementation of Government policies at the grassroots level,
a branch of Public Administration.
Herbert et al (1900) observed that
when two men cooperate to roll a stone that neither could have moved, the
rudiments of administration are taking place. He went further to explain that
this simple act has the two basic characteristics of what has come to be called
administration. There is a purpose-moving
the stone, and there is cooperative action-several persons using combined
strength to accomplish something that could not have been done without such a
combination. On the basis of the foregoing, Herbert et al defined
administration as activities of groups cooperating to accomplish common goals.
What to note about Simon et al’s definition is the emphasis on cooperation and
purpose. For them, therefore, it is necessary to have groups cooperating and
such cooperation must have a purpose.
Stephen (1985) defined administration
“as the universal process of efficiently getting activities completed with and
through other people”. The process, according to him refers to the planning,
organizing, leading and controlling that take place to accomplish objectives.
There are features common to varying
kinds of administrative organisation and much administrative theory is relevant
to all organisation, be it government or private.
The Kaduna State Economic Empowerment and Development
Strategy (KASEEDS) as a set of activities which are carried out by the
officers, and which can be classified as/or concerned with planning and
development of the area. The SEEDS is to
help state governments to draw up and implement realistic plans to make NEEDS
and each individual state’s SEEDS come true.
When SEEDS was launched, the National Planning Commission
(NPC) issued a guidance manual entitled: The SEEDS Framework – “Government for
Growth and Service”. This expanded version of that manual does not change the
original guidance. It certainly does not mean that states which have completed
their SEEDS documents need to revise them. Instead, the focus is on the SEEDS
as a process: on how to take a strategy that has already been drafted through
It is against this background that
the researcher intends to assess the effective administration in the rapid
socio-economic transmission of Nigeria.
OF THE PROBLEM
An analysis of government development
administration in Nigeria reveals unpolished and erratic practices. Very few
government institutions in Nigeria have fully fledged Development
Administration departments and even those few concentrate much of their efforts
on politicking rather than professional Administration (Career Administrators). Their Administrative policies do not take
cognizance of such factors as public wants, opinions and objectives. Project planning and Development are usually
undertaken without prior research, project implementation strategies are mostly
handled by low level executives coupled with low budget, summarily Development
Administrations in government parastatals are conducted haphazardly.
view of this problems identified, the research will seek to find answers to the following question:
are the roles of KASEEDs in the socio-economic transformation of Nigeria?
does effective administration impact on socio-economic transformation of
are the likely problems and solutions of administration in Nigeria?
OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The general objective of this study
is to assess the role of effective administration in the rapid socio-economic
transformation of Nigeria. The specific objectives are:
identify the role of Kaduna State Economic Empowerment and Development Strategy
in socio-economic transformation.
evaluate the impact of effective administration on socio-economic
identify the problem of administration and proffer possible solution to
overcome such problem.
1.4 STATEMENT OF HYPOTHESIS
following hypothesis is formulated to guide this study:
Ho: Effect administration in KASEEDs does not
have significant impact on national development.
Hi: Effect administration in KASEEDs has
significant impact on national development.
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The study will highlight the
functions of KASEED and its role inNational development. The study will
inculcate and imbibe into the spirit of our KASEED officials the need to adopt
an efficient and effective Administrative practices.
The study would help in discovering
certain problem areas in the Administration of KASEEDs and through this,
recommendations will be made towards improvement.
It is hoped that this research work
will be of particular importance to students, Administrative Officers, executives,
politicians and others that may find themselves involved in this field.
It is also in partial fulfillment for
the requirements of the awards of Higher Diploma in Public Administration.
AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The scope of this study is
to analyse the role of effective administrations in the rapid socio-economic
Transformation of Nigeria. The study will cover the activities of Kaduna State
Economic Empowerment Development Strategy vis-avis the transformation agenda of
Jonathan/Sambo administration towards national development
There are certain limitations which
are placed in this study.
constraint: this is considered to be the first constraint faced by the
researcher. This hindered students from
getting all the needed data for this research work. This really did not help
matters looking at the very fact that as a student, there is always limited
fund at ones disposal which formed part of those factors that discouraged the
researcher to go further than this. This extent in getting all this needed data
from this research work. A typical example is the fund for going to different
places to get information buying of related literature text books that are not
available in the school library.
data: in no small measure, incomplete and inaccurate data also provide a lot of
difficulty in carrying out this research work. As a matter of fact it is
because most of the senior staff were either too busy running their official
responsibility that made them hardly available to give the researcher the
needed time to gather information or they were not just willing to do that,
though some did cooperate just like most senior staff.
constraint: this was the biggest constraint faced by the researcher because
combing rigorous drilling of the institution i.e. lectures, assignments (both
individual and group), tests etc. and carrying out the research work made it
virtually impossible to dedicate all the time needed to carry out this research work.