A business organization is an individual or group of people that
collaborate to achieve certain commercial goals. Some business
organizations are formed to earn income for owners. Other business
organizations, called nonprofits, are formed for public purposes. These
businesses often raise money and utilize other resources to provide or
support public programs.
Organization is a broader term, as it includes businesses and
other groups of people not organized for commercial purposes. Clubs and
sports teams are examples of non-business organizations. Organizations
have a specific structure and hierarchy. People and systems create a
culture within the organization and guide its operation. Different
organizations have different policies, work flows and objectives.
Management is universal in the modern world. Every organization
requires the making of decision, the coordination of activities,
deciding in advance when, why how and who does what, setting of
standards, measuring performance against standard and reviewing the
standards. Numerous managerial activities have their own particular
approach to specific types of problems which fall under headings such
as production and operation management human resources management,
management of health delivery system and others.
According to Nwachukwu (2007) management is the act of getting
things done through and with others. Another definition by Launer
(1999) he refers to management as the corner stone of organization
effectiveness and is concerned with arrangements for the carrying out
of organizational processes and the execution of work.
Kountz (2006) management is an operational process initially best
dissected by analyzing the management functions. The five essential
managerial functions are planning, organizing, staffing, directing,
leading and controlling. These tasks of management are interrelated and
actually dove tail into each other. Planning sets the stage by helping
the organization to determine where it wants to go (objectives) and how
to get there (strategies and tactics). These objectives and strategies
determine the type of organizational structure most suitable for the
Organization structures are designed to fit the strategies which
are meant to achieve the objective and both strategies and objectives
are the outcome of planning.
There is no human endeavor that does not require proper
management for it to function efficiently. For every type of
organization either government establishment or private enterprise,
there is need for qualified managers to handle its activities.
Management and organizations are seen as the product of their
historical and social times and place and to understand the evolution of
management theory in terms of how people wrestled with matters of
relationship at a particular time in history. The lesson here is to
learn from the trials and tribulation of those who have preceded us in
steering the fortunes of formed organization.
It is now obvious to everyone that, of the factors that are
necessary for economic take off, none is to be stressed more often than
management characteristically, the developing countries are known for
their low technological progress and extremely low labor productivity. A
realistic approach to the development of these countries call for
qualified high level manpower especially at the management level. In
present day organizations it is the manager that determines the
appropriate technology required and the best way to efficiently and
effectively utilize all types of resources, be it physical or human.
The Nigeria scene portrays the situation very adequately. Despite
her abundant natural resources and rich environment, the economy of
Nigeria has not quite taken off most organization do not operate
smoothly and efficiently. The management cadre which is a sine qua non
for economic development is lacking. The government in many instances
has assumed the function of entrepreneur and taken over the management
functions, instances abound to convince everyone that the government
has not fared well as a good manager, and has even performed worse than
The need for management is essential to the development of
organizations, be it small scale or large scale industries, therefore,
whenever people work together, there is generally a need for the
coordination of efforts in order to attain expected result in
reasonable time, and with minimum amount of money, discomfort or
energy. A manager is expected to be vast in knowledge and to possess
special talents or abilities quite different from non manages.
No organization, no matter its size can survive without an
effective managerial function and good organization, therefore, there is
need for sound and qualified man and women to operate in every
organization especially small scale enterprises; and also there should
be capable hands to manage the financial affairs in order to ensure a
sound system of operation in the enterprise.
It is important to note that, effective operation is not exclusive
concern of only one person or department within an organization, it
must involve every staff who should have the interest of the
organization at heart in order for it to achieve it set goal and
- Significance of the study
The essence of this project cannot be over emphasized because it
will help Small Medium Scale Entities understand how effective
management is the yardstick and bedrock of every organization, thereby,
enhances the achievement of organizational objectives. Furthermore, it
will guide and give a sense of direction to the entire organization in
the area of channeling resources and enhancing productivity and also
giving status to the organization.
This project intends to assess the impact of efficient management
function in the survival of small scale industrial towards the
achievement of the overall goals and objectives of the organization.
Specifically this project has the following objective:
- To find out the relationship between management business organization and managerial efficiency on small scale enterprises.
- To examine some strategies for business organization and managerial efficiency set out by small scale enterprises.
- To find the role of business organization and managerial efficiency on small scale enterprises.
In order to achieve the stated objectives for the study the following research questions will be asked:
- What relationship exists between business organization and management efficiency of small scale enterprises?
- How does business organization and managerial efficiency impact small scale enterprises?
- What role does business organization and managerial efficiency play on the growth of small scale enterprises?
Ho: There is no significant relationship between business organization and managerial efficiency on small scale enterprises.
Hi: There is significant relationship between business organization and managerial efficiency on small scale enterprises.
Ho: Business organization and managerial efficiency has no impact on small scale enterprises.
Hi: Business organization and managerial efficiency has impact on small scale enterprises.
The study was carried out to investigate the impact of business
organization and managerial efficiency on small scale enterprises. The
study is limited to eatery centres (tantalizer) in Rivers state, in
Port Harcourt Local Government Area to be precise.
This research work is on business organization and managerial
efficiency on small scale enterprises of eatery centres (tantalizer)
in Rivers state, using tantalizer as a case study. The study could not
cover other eatery centers due to representative nature of tantalizer
and proximity to the researcher.
Business: This is a person's regular occupation, profession, or trade.
Organization: This is an organized group of people with a particular purpose, such as a business or government department.
Management: This is the process of dealing with or controlling things or people.
Efficiency: This is the state or quality of being efficient.
Small Scale Enterprise: This is a
business that employs a small number of workers and does not have a high
volume of sales. Such enterprises are generally privately owned and
operated sole proprietorships, corporations or partnerships.
Business Organization: This is an
individual or group of people that collaborate to achieve certain
commercial goals. Some business organizations are formed to earn income
for owners. Other business organizations, called nonprofits, are formed
for public purposes.
Managerial Efficiency: This is the process of dealing with or controlling things or people in such a way as to achieve efficiency.
Rivers State: This is a state in southern Nigeria in the eastern part of the Niger Delta.
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