study developing an intrapreneurial organization; a drive for nation building
aimed at evaluating the Intrapreneurial
organization development can be used as a tool to drive nation building, some of the objectives of the study
are to examine the process of developing an
intrapreneurial organization, to determine if
intrapreneurial organization development can be used as a tool to drive nation
study made use of primary data which are gotten from the distribution of the
research questionnaires; the sample size for the study is 250. The study made
use of the chi-square method for the analysis. The study therefore concluded
organization development can be used as a tool to drive nation building. The study also made useful
recommendation to assist researchers, business owners and other organization in
Definition of Terms
of entrepreneurial definitions
corporate entrepreneurship (intrapreneurship)
and background of corporate entrepreneurship
7. forms of
process in corporate entrepreneurship
9. the key characteristics of an
the determinants of an entrepreneurial
3.1 research design
3.2 population of study
3.3 sample size/sample technique
3.4 research instrument:
3.5 validity and reliability of instrument
3.6 sources of data collection
3.7 method/techniques of data analysis
3.8 limitations of the methodology
Data Presentation and
Test of Hypothesis
1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
(1984) defined intrapreneurs as "dreamers who do. Those who take hands-on
responsibility for creating innovation of any kind, within a business". In
1992, The American Heritage Dictionary acknowledged the popular use of a new
word, intrapreneur, to mean "A person within a large corporation who takes
direct responsibility for turning an idea into a profitable finished product
through assertive risk-taking and innovation". The researcher is of the
opinion that such risk taking and innovation coupled with the profitability
accrued from it will make an intrapreneural organization a veritable for nation
(2014) goes further, claiming that intrapreneurs are the "secret
weapon" of the business world. Based on these definitions, being an
intrapreneur is considered to be beneficial for both intrapreneurs and large
organizations. Companies support intrapreneurs with finance and access to
corporate resources, while intrapreneurs create innovation for companies. Such
organizations can be described as intrapreneurial organizations.
organizations are known to be operated with practice of a corporate management
style that integrates risk-taking and innovation approaches, as well as the
reward and motivational techniques, that are more traditionally thought of as
being the province of entrepreneurship.
first written use of the terms ‘intrapreneur’, ‘intrapreneurial,’ and
‘intrapreneurship’ date from a paper written in 1978 by Gifford Pinchot III and
Elizabeth Pinchot. Later the term was credited to Gifford Pinchot III by Norman
Macrae in the April 17, 1982 issue of the Economist. The first formal academic
case study of corporate entrepreneurship or intrapreneurship was published in
June 1982, as a Master's in Management thesis, by Howard Edward Haller, on the
intrapreneurial creation of PR1ME Leasing within PR1ME Computer Inc. (from 1977
to 1981). This academic research was later published as a case study by VDM
Verlag as Intrapreneurial Success: A PR1ME Example. The American Heritage
Dictionary of the English Language included the term 'intrapreneur' in its 3rd
1992 Edition, and also credited Pinchot as the originator of the concept.
organization will bring about an era in which jobs were so many that employers
go to schools to recruit young graduate with a view of making good use of their
skills, potential and innovative capability to bring about productivity. This will
go a long way in reducing unemployment and contribute to the growth of the
organization. The Pinchotts (1985) refer to intrapreneur as someone who
possesses entrepreneurial skills and uses them within a company, instead of
using them to launch a business of his or her own. This will reduce the rate at
which small and medium scale companies crumble. The individual can make use of
its skill and innovation under an already established organization with a
strong capital base and higher level of technology. This can be a tool for
nation building as these intrapreneurial organizations will give job
opportunities to unemployed youths with skills and innovative capability who
doesn’t have the capital and the corporate experience to start a business of
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
biggest concern for in an intrapreneurial organizations is dealing with the
"Corporate Immune System". This expression means that corporate
organizational structures such as bureaucracy, hierarchy, rules etc. do not
support intrapreneurial culture and behaviour. Many companies struggle with
applying the concept of intrapreneurship into their daily routines due to high
levels of defined tasks and schedules that deter opportunities for serendipity
and for new ideas to be recognized. Kawasaki (2006) also highlights the lack of
rewards for entrepreneurial behaviour of employee in intrapreneurial
organizations as a demotivating factor to search for new ideas.
or fear of failure, is another reason for organizations in developing countries
like Nigeria not becoming more intrapreneurial. Wladawsky-Berger (2010) found
that firms act to protect resources by avoiding risk and penalizing failure.
Due to the setback of entrepreneurial organizations in Nigeria, the researcher is
examining an intrapreneurial organization development as a tool to drive nation
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
following are the objectives of this study:
examine the process of developing an intrapreneurial organization.
determine if intrapreneurial organization development can be used as a tool to
drive nation building.
identify the factors limiting the development of an intrapreneurial
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
is the process of developing an intrapreneurial organization?
intrapreneurial organization development be used as a tool to drive nation
are the factors limiting the development of an intrapreneurial organization?
Intrapreneurial organization development cannot be used as a tool to drive
Intrapreneurial organization development can be used as a tool to drive nation
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
following are the significance of this study:
outcome of this study will educate the general public especially young graduate
on the need to key into the scheme of intrapreneurship and get employed into
intrapreneurial organization to put into use their skills and innovations with
a view to gain corporate experience in order to become a future entrepreneurs.
findings from this study will form a useful guide for government to formulate
and implement policies that will encourage intrapreneurial organization to
reduce unemployment and produce better skilled youth that will contribute to
the growth of the nation.
research will be a contribution to the body of literature in the area of the
effect of personality trait on student’s academic performance, thereby
constituting the empirical literature for future research in the subject area.
1.7 SCOPE/LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
study will cover the concept of intrapreneuship within the context of an
intrapreneurial organization to identify the merits and the demerits.
LIMITATION OF STUDY
Financial constraint- Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the
researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information
and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).
Time constraint- The researcher will
simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently
will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.
G. (2006). How to Change the World: The Art of Intrapreneurship. [online]
Available at: http://blog.guykawasaki.com/2006/01/the_art_of_intr.html.
Accessed 8 February 2015.
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[Accessed April 9, 2015].
G. 1984. Who is the Intrapreneur? In: Intrapreneuring: Why You Don't Have to
Leave the Corporation to Become an Entrepreneur. New York: Harper & Row.
pp. 28 – 48
G. 1985. Who is the Intrapreneur? In: Intrapreneuring: Why You Don't Have to
Leave the Corporation to Become an Entrepreneur. New York: Harper & Row.
pp. 28 – 48.
I. (2010). Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Large Companies. [online].
Available at: in http://blog.irvingwb.com/blog/2010/10/entrepreneurship-andinnovation-in-large-companies.html.
Accessed 25 February 2015.