1.1 Background to the Study
organization there are people who ensure that the system continues,
these are the management personnel’s. The system cannot function well if
decisions are made instantaneously. It can only excel where there is
importance of planning process.
Effect of planning is an
integral part of organizational strategies to ensure the smooth running
of a system. Effect of planning is always future oriented. It beings
with the formulation of clean aims and objectives most organization have
multiple objective related to their production, services and social
dimension same objectives are short termed, once these objectives have
been established, ways must be designed to pursue when successful in an
bureaucratic set up like organization existing method of executive plans
could only be modified due to laws and decrees of such entities
Effect of planning is not how
precisely we can product future, but how to uncover things we must do
today in order to have a future it bridges the gap between where we are
now and where we want to be in a desired future. To do this, the
organization must maintain a balance between organization result and
means. This principle requires analytical and synthesizing ability on
the part of the organization.
To make empirical and viable
decisions, the organization need tools or devices to get necessary
information or the evaluation of various options for an administration,
effect of planning and decision making are never ending process, a
process centered to the organization and administration.
1.2 Statement of Problem
planning and decision making are two crucial and interrelated aspect of
administration that must be understood and appropriately carried out in
order to successfully achieve organization goals. It has been the lack
of understanding the intricacies of importance of planning and decision
making that sometimes influence organizational authority into making
decisions and plans are unprofitable to the continuity of there
In bid to solve this problem
with viable solutions this study is sought out to look into different
approaches of effect of planning as well as improving the effectiveness
of decision making in order to create an atmosphere where workers in the
organization will work together in a cordial environment through effect
of good planning and decision making.
1.3 Research Questions
1. Is there any functional relationship between planning and decision making?
2. Does resources allocation leads to effective decision making in an organization?
3. Can effective decision making bring about harmonious relationship in an organization?
1.4 Objective of the Study
In viewed of this reason a discussion on
this issue is to formulate a broad planning and development frame work
setting out guidelines and stand aids for more effective and
1.5 Statement of the Hypotheses
1. There is no functional relationship between planning and decision making.
2. Resources allocation does not lead to effective decision making process in the organization.
1.6 Scope of the Study
The study shall cover the geographical area of Nestle Nigeria Plc Lagos.
Human Resources Department if proper and
effective decision is not been makes in these department then it will
not be possible for the organization to achieve it set objective.
1.7 Significance of the Study
This work shall be of immense
significance to decision makes in the Nigeria organization in one hand
as well as those who may went to use the library in future because it
will serve as basis for those who will want to study in the same
research topic (effect of planning and decision making) it will serve to
educate them, that behind every result oriented endeavour it has to do
with adequate planning. Because he who fail to plan, plan to fail.
Through this the need the organization cannot be over emphasis as a
measure for meeting expected needs.
1.8 Limitation of the Study
The research work is faced with the
problem of finance. As a result of the general increase in the prices of
commodities as a function of recent increase in the prices of fuel,
transportation to the study area, cost of data constraint to this study.
1.9 Operational Definition of Terms
Effect: This is the
state or fact of being great significance or value, importance refer to
something valuable influential or worthy of note.
Planning: This is executive function that involves deciding in advance the time of action by which desired result can be achieved.
According to McCarthy (1996) planning is
a managerial function that put into perspective strategies in achieving
organizational goals and objectives. Millicent defines planning as the
process of determining the objectives of administrative effort and of
devising the means calculated to achieve them. Carlist defines planning
as the development of strategy, procedure determination of control
direction as well as method or techniques from meeting overall
Decision Making: This
is the development of a particular course of action that will either
restore formerly acceptable conditions or improve the situation in a