1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The manager is the life of the
organization. The manager ensure that the organization perform to
expectation, he must also ensure that the firm archive it purpose and
goals, to do this the manager perform certain roles and duties ,this
include organizing controlling, directing coordinating and leading. The
manager may be the entrepreneur, sometimes he may not be, however, at
all-times the manager must aggregate the resources of the firm to attain
the firm’s goals and objectives of the firm.
The manager to be able to carry on this duties he must posses certain skills this include interpersonal skill, people skill, Conceptual
Skills, People Skills, Technical Skills etc. Some managers demonstrate
these skills very strongly while others only demonstrate it fairly.
There are basically three levels of management within the business
organization; these include the top management, the middle management
and the lower management.
The various skills and duties of the manager is performed at different level of management.
This study explore the roles, the skills
and the functions of the manager of small scale business at various
levels of the organization. It also explores the performance
contribution of each of the skills and roles to the health and goals
attainment of the organization.
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
Most SMEs in Nigeria die within their
first five years of existence, a smaller percentage goes into extinction
between the sixth and tenth year while only about five to ten percent
survive, thrive and grow to maturity. Many factors have been identified
contributing to this premature death of SMEs. Key among them include:
insufficient capital, irregular power supply, infrastructural
inadequacies (water, roads etc.), and poor management.
Most SMEs lack structure, one staff
could hold two to three position all to reduce cost. The owner of the
business usually hold the manager position and call MD/CEO, whether he
has the skills or not, he direct the organization based on his ability.
Small Scale businesses are faced with
the challenge of management because they cannot afford to employ an
expert as a manager to achieve the goals of the organization. This
research work tends to examine the role managers to Small Scale Business
organization and provide solutions to the aforementioned problems.
1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The aim of this research work is to
examine the role of manager in small scale business organization. The
objectives of the research are to;
- Examine the impact of manager to the success of Small Scale Business organisation.
- Examine if manager can influence employees to achieve organizational goal.
- Verify if goal setting could be achieved without the manager
1.4 RELEVANT RESEARCH QUESTIONS
Base on the objectives of this research. This research tends to provide answer to the following research questions.
- Is there any relationship between a manager impact and Small Scale Organization performance?
- Does managers influence employees to achieve organizational goal?
- Is the achievement of the organization credited to the manager?
1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS
The following research hypotheses are formulated and would be tested in the research work.
Ho: Managers have no significant impact on performance of Small Scale Organisation.
H1: Managers have significant impact on performance of Small Scale Organisation.
1.6 SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
This research work will place
concentration on functions of managers, their roles and contributions to
the success of small scale organisations. The research scope covers a
small manufacturing firm (TOP PAINT LIMITED) located at Abule-Egba,
The study will further identify the fundamental limiting factors of good Small Scale Business.
In the course of conducting this
research work it is expected that the following will constitute
impediments to the effective conduct of the study
a) Time constraint within which the study must be completed.
b) Financial constraint
c) Inaccessible and inadequate data
d) Also, combining project work
with several other activities is another stressful task that may not
allow me to cover research materials extensively.
Nevertheless, I believe the above limitations will in no way affect the reliability and validity of the research study.
1.7 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE RESEARCH
This research is of significance to
Small Scale business owners in that it provides adequate solution to the
underlying problem of manageing the business to achieve organization
It is also of academic significance
because future researchers may use the findings here to update existing
literature and building theories.
Practicing managers in small scale
organizations may rely on the findings and methodology of this research
to form a basis for their daily decisions.
1.8 HITORICAL BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The company Top Paints Ltd was founded
2005. The company is located at Abule-Egba Area of Lagos. Experience
gathered from working in paint laboratories paved the way into the paint
industry. The company started with emulsion paints only. In 2009 the
company commenced production on gloss paint. Today they firm produces Water-based Paints (Emulsion), Oil-based Paints, Silky Sheens,, Semi-gloss and gloss paints.
Top Paint with a staff strength of twenty five is able to meet its customer’s demands.
We supply in the engineering industries
and also provide paint for building contractors. Our capacity allows us
to meet the demands of any customer. Top Paints retails directly to
1.9 DEFINITION OF TERMS
For this research, the following definitions have been adopted:
Manager: a person responsible for controlling or administering an organization or group of staff
Management: The organization and coordination of the activities of a business in order to achieve defined objectives
Small Enterprise: An
enterprise whose total cost including working capital but excluding cost
of land is between ten million naira (N10,000,000) and one hundred
million naira (N100,000,000) and/or a workforce between eleven (11) and
seventy (70) full-time staff and/or with a turnover of not more than ten
million naira (N10,000,000) in a year.
Medium Enterprise: A
company with total cost including working capital but excluding cost of
land of more than one hundred million naira (N100,000,000) but less than
three hundred million naira (N300,000,000) and/or a staff strength of
between seventy-one (71) and two hundred (200) full-time workers and/or
with an annual turnover of not more than twenty million naira
NASME: Nigerian Association of Small and Medium Enterprises, which is an umbrella association of all SMEs
MAN: Manufacturers Association of Nigeria is the official association of manufacturing companies in Nigeria
Association of Chambers of Commerce, Industry, Mines and Agriculture is
an association of various Chambers of Commerce in Nigeria
NASSI: Nigerian Association of Small Scale Industries is the umbrella association of all the Small Scale Enterprises in Nigeria
DFIs: Development Finance Institutions are companies involved in project and development finance such as the Bank of Industry (BOI)
SMEs: Small and Medium Enterprises are those firms, which satisfy the definitions given above
Small and Medium Enterprises Development Agency of Nigeria