The following sub-heads
are always considered when writing chapter one in research work, all of them
from the introduction of the project. They are:
of the study: this is a discussion that centers on the history of the area of
the study to be research on. The modern research into that area should be
discussed in the background of study. This is why the writer has to make a lot
of review (reading) on different text relevant to his or her topic before
writing the background of study. Such text may include: journals, bulletins,
newspapers, conference papers, seminar papers, and modern textbooks.
Framework: this is a specific review on the variables that are related to the
construct (topic of the research). The writer will not make a general
literature review in this unit because chapter two will take care of that but
only major variables of the topic. Depending on the topic of the project, three
(3) to four (4) theories are enough.
of the problem: each construct on research topic is a problem. The writer has
to state what he actually went to find out which occurs will be the result of
his findings. The result of his findings should be relevant to the society and
not what others have already concluded. If it is what others have already
concluded, it means the writer has not done anything.
of the study: another name for purpose is reason. Every research studies should
be purpose built. The purpose of any study has to do with what the research is
aiming at in the study. Here, the writer has to specifically state why he wants
to write on the selected topic and what he wants to achieve. For example: to
determine the effect of soil erosion in Akamkpa Local Government Area.
of the study: significance seeks to establish the necessity for the study. It
has to do with the importance of the study.
questions are questions that will guide the researcher in his findings.
Questions are always very specific and specific answers are needed. The
questions are framed after due considerations of the research topic, background,
rational and significance of the study. As the name implies, they are purely
questions that ask for the existing or purported relationship between the
dependent and independent variables involve in the study.
is a statement that expresses what may likely happen if a particular thing is
done or action takes place.
of the study: this is what we assumed that it will happen if a particular
action or thing is done. The assumption may be true or false.
of the study: these are obstacles or problems encountered during the research
that may contribute to ineffective or substandard academic project.
of the study: this is the scope within which the research will cover or will
not go beyond.
Definition of terms: this should be the
last sublevel of chapter one. These are the principle terms related to the
topic most especially where those terms are different meanings to different
people. Emphasis should be placed on operational definitions.