FRAUD CASES AND PREVENTION MEASURE IN NIGERIA FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS (A CASE STUDY OF UBA PLC)

FRAUD CASES AND PREVENTION MEASURE IN NIGERIA FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS (A CASE STUDY OF UBA PLC)


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FRAUD CASES AND PREVENTION MEASURE IN NIGERIA FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS (A CASE STUDY OF UBA PLC)

PROJECT TOPICS AND MATERIALS ON FRAUD CASES AND PREVENTION MEASURE IN NIGERIA FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS (A CASE STUDY OF UBA PLC)


ABSTRACT

 

This work was designed to study fraud prevention in Nigerian financial institutions, with particular reference to UBA Plc. Bank deal essentially in cash instrument and other document which are generally negotiable and easily transferable in nature. Hence, it is very appropriate to say that the exposure of banks to both internal and external fraud is very great. This practice is very common to area involving cash, cheques and fraud transfer operation. Therefore, that was the reason the researcher carried out  this study in order to find out the causes of fraud and how to prevent them in the Nigerian financial institutions. From the various articles and journals, and researcher read on fraud, causes, method detection and fraud prevention in banking industries and financial institutions. It has roused my deep interest in this project topics. It is therefore my pleasure to write on this topic “fraud prevention in Nigerian financial  institution” using UBA as a case study. fraud cannot be eradicated, it is true that all theories do not think alike. So every fraud has its own unique approach, hence there may be no unique approach to forestall fraud. The project work contains five chapters in order to obtain as much relevant information on the this study as possibly. The researcher used primary and secondary sources of data collection. The research was carried out by direct interview with the management and staff of UBA Plc is referred to as primary data. The secondary data was obtained from textbooks, magazines, journals commercial banks, annual report/ newspaper, dictionaries etc. the instrument used in data collection was mainly questionnaire.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Title page                                                              i

 

Certification page                                                   ii

 

Dedication                                                             iii

 

Acknowledgement                                                  iv

 

Abstract                                                                v

 

Table of content                                                     vi

 

CHAPTER ONE

 

Introduction                                                    1

1.1  Background of the study                                   2

 

1.2  Statement of the problem                                 4

 

1.3  Objectives of the study                              5

 

1.4  Research questions                                   6

 

1.5  Significant of the study                              6

 

1.6  Scope of the study                                    8

 

1.7  Limitation of the study                              8

 

1.8  Definition of terms                                    10

 

CHAPTER TWO

 

Literature Review                                      13

Introduction                                             13

What is fraud                                           14

Types of fraud                                          16

Causes of fraud                                        19

The legal framework                                  23

What is over the counter fraud                   25

Prevention of fraud                                   26

Empirical review of related literature            27

Who commits fraud                                   29

Current fraud practices in Nigeria                35

Cheque fraud                                           38

Banker code of conduct                      40

CHAPTER THREE

 

3.0   Research Methodology                       43

 

3.1  Introduction                                      43

 

3.2  Research Design                                43

 

3.3  Sources / Method of Data collection            44

 

3.4  Population and sample size                  45

 

3.5  Sample technique                              45

 

3.6  Validity and Reliability of Measuring

 

Instruments                                      45

 

3.7  Method of data analysis                      46

 

CHAPTER FOUR

 

Presentation and Analysis of data         47

4.1  Introduction                                      47

 

4.2  Presentation of Data                           48

 

4.3  Analysis of data                                 59

 

4.4  Interpretation of Results                     60

 

CHAPTER FIVE

 

5.0  Summary, Conclusion And Recommendations 61

 

5.1  Introduction                                      61

 

5.2  Summary of findings                          61

 

5.3  Conclusion                                        63

 

5.4  Recommendation                               65

 

Bibliography                                      67

 

Appendix                                          69

 

       Questionnaire                                    70

 

CHAPTER ONE

 

INTRODUCTION

The level of fraud in the present day Nigeria has assumed an epidemic dimension. It has eaten deep into every aspect of our life even to the extent that a three years old child talks about Yahoo mail or 419, newly discovered sobriquet for advanced free fraud that is hunting our banking industry. Nigeria with al its natural and human resources talkers on the brick of destruction because of fraud. Much of what we do is cutting leaves instead of dealing with the root problem.

 

       Generally, fraud takes its root from the human heart. It is an axion that the heart of man is deceitful above all things and is desperately wicked. The only remedy to the situation will be God’s intervention. Notwithstanding the varied meanings attached to the concept of financial fraud, so many authors addressed the subject with varying definitions.

 

 BACKGROUND  OF THE STUDY

     The study entails on the rapid increase of the cases of fraud in the Nigerian financial institutions. Various procedure for preventions of ugly act exist but it seems like the most powerful remedy is the intervention of God. Different authors and researchers emerge with their definition on the concept of financial fraud. The following are most of  the definitions.

 

       What is fraud? According to Oxford  Advance Learner’s Dictionary, fraud is defined as the crime of cheating in order to get money or good illegally.

 

       According to the chartered institute of public finance and accounting, United State, fraud is defined as those intentional distortions of financial statements or other records which are carried out to conceal the misappropriation of assets or other wise for gain (Ando, 1997:50).

 

       According to Adeniyi (2001), fraud refers to intentional act by one or more individuals among management employees, or third parties which resulted in a mis-representation of financial statement.             According to Okorie, fraud is a type of irregularity. The word fraud is used to refer to irregularities involving the use of criminal deception to obtain unjust or illegal advantage, however, having closely studied these approaches from definition of fraud especially from the banking perspective one may correctly see banking fraud as a deliberate act by an individual or group inside or outside the Nigerian banking dispose the bank depositors or share holders of their funds.

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This work was designed to study fraud prevention in Nigerian financial institutions, with particular reference to UBA Plc. Bank deal essentially in cash instrument and other document which are generally negotiable and easily transferable in nature. Hence, it is very appropriate to say that the exposure of banks to both internal and external fraud is very great. This practice is very common to area involving cash, cheques and fraud transfer operation. Therefore, that was the reason the researcher carried out this study in order to find out the causes of fraud and how to prevent them in the Nigerian financial institutions. From the various articles and journals, and researcher read on fraud, causes, method detection and fraud prevention in banking industries and financial institutions. It has roused my deep interest in this project topics. It is therefore my pleasure to write on this topic “fraud prevention in Nigerian financial institution” using UBA as a case study. fraud cannot be eradicated, it is true that all theories do not think alike. So every fraud has its own unique approach, hence there may be no unique approach to forestall fraud. The project work contains five chapters in order to obtain as much relevant information on the this study as possibly. The researcher used primary and secondary sources of data collection. The research was carried out by direct interview with the management and staff of UBA Plc is referred to as primary data. The secondary data was obta.. accounting project topics

FRAUD CASES AND PREVENTION MEASURE IN NIGERIA FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS (A CASE STUDY OF UBA PLC)

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