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BOOK KEEPING AND ACCOUNTING PRACTICES IN SMALL SCALE ENTERPRISE WITH SPECIAL EMPHASIS ON P.A. WATER, UGHELLI, UGHELLI NORTH LGA OF DELTA STATE



CHAPTER ONE

 

INTRODUCTION

 

1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

 

Every organisation, whether small, medium or big is established to achieve specific target objective. Such objective derived from adequate returns on investment and the ability of the organisation and or, its representatives maximally provide social service that would meet the immediate and long term needs of its environment or community.

In order to actualize set objective, organisation employ adequate and effective accounting records as well as employ the services of available resources (human or non-human) towards actualizing dreams.

Virtually, every organisation and business minded individuals take proper records of it’s activities. This is to enable team measure or ascertain the level of success or failure recorded in the organisation at a specified period of time. Consequent upon this, one may ask, how adequate, accurate and reliable are feese records especially they are not taken by a professional book-keeper or accountant?

Keeping of records is not only required but also vital any organisation. According to Alayide (2009); inadequate records or failure to bring the accounting records up-to-date usually leads to commitment of errors and fraudulent practices. As such, organisation whether in the private or in public sector, really requires the services of a qualified and certificated accountant or book-keeper.

Organisation need to employ the services of professional accountants and or, book-keepers in order to:

Keep all accounting records.

Set up sound accounting records for staff to follow.

Assist them to keep in closing the books of account where there is difficulty and or discrepancy.

Prepare and-of-year account or financial report systems to facilitate clients efficiency in processing management information and controlling of operation.

Write up accounting and administrative procedure manuals.

Ensure adherence to the internal deck system, and so on.

Wanogho (2006) opined that the services of the accountant to organisation and individuals among others includes;

Drafting of financial statement incorporating profit and balance sheet for companies.

Preparation of management account on a regular basis and for whatever period e.g. yearly, quarterly, six monthly, daily etc.

Preparation of accounts for specialized area as trust non-profit making organisation charities and pension schemes.

Maintenance of computerized record of clients book of prime entry from the information supplied.

Preparation of necessary financial information.

 

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE RESEARCH PROBLEM

The importance of book-keeping and accounting in a profit making organisation can not be over emphasized or underestimated. But some small scale enterprises have been faced with some problems which resulted to their winding-up.

These problems are as listed here under:

Lack of permanent and systematic records for financial transaction by accounting professionals that will ascertain whether the business has make profit or loss in an accounting period.

Accounts prepared at best are single entry and feese account proper information regarding assets are lacking.

Accounts prepared by non-professional have no safeguards for fraud and errors.

Final accounts prepared are not reliable and cannot be acceptable for tax proposes.

Accounts prepared does not take into cognizance of issues relating provision for doubtful debt and depreciation.

Financial statement prepared cannot be compared between periods because the bases of preparation is faulty.

To this end, the study is embarked upon to address these problem identified.

 

1.3 RESEARCH QUESTION

For the purpose of getting relevant responses, the study hereby formulates the under-listed hypothesis.

To what extent can it be said that booking keeping and accounting practices and services are employed in small scale business organisation?

To what extent can it be said that book keeping and accounting functions are preformed by experts in small scale business organisation?

To what extent is the application and expertise use of book keeping and accounting of small scale business organisations achieve the expected goals?

What are the major problems faced by business without the use of professional accountants or book-keepers?

 

1.4 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

The major purpose of the study is to highlight book-keeping and accounting practices in small scale enterprise. The study will be of a great aid to private organisations, both large and small scales to enlighten them on the importance of book-keeping or recording the day-to-day activities information in profit making organisation and also to find possible suggestions of stressing the importance of book-keeping through seminars to our business organisations and officers managing these firms.


BOOK KEEPING AND ACCOUNTING PRACTICES IN SMALL SCALE ENTERPRISE WITH SPECIAL EMPHASIS ON P.A. WATER, UGHELLI, UGHELLI NORTH LGA OF DELTA STATE


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All Project Materials Inc. (2020). BOOK KEEPING AND ACCOUNTING PRACTICES IN SMALL SCALE ENTERPRISE WITH SPECIAL EMPHASIS ON P.A. WATER, UGHELLI, UGHELLI NORTH LGA OF DELTA STATE. Available at: https://researchcub.info/department/paper-7494.html. [Accessed: ].

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