This chapter gives an overview about the aim, objectives,
background and operation environment of the system.
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Library ManagementSystem is an application which refers to
library systems which are generally small or medium in size. Itis used by
librarian to manage the library using a computerized system where he/she can
record various transactions like issue of books, return of books, addition of
new books, addition of new students etc.Books and student maintenanceModules
are also included in this system which would keep track of the students using
the library and also a detailed description about the books a library contains.
With this computerized system there will be no loss of book record or member
record whichgenerally happens when a non computerized system is used.In
addition, report module is also included in Library Management System. If
user’s position is admin, the user is able to generate different kinds of reports
like lists of students registered, list of books, issue and return reports.All
these modules are able to help librarian to manage the library with more
convenience and in a more efficient way as compared to library systems which
are not computerized.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS
found in the Library during Library operation was so much that there were cases
where books got missing, if it is not stolen by the student it may be stolen by
the staff, part of some books were turn, manual issuing of books and cards, Unidentification
of Books in its shelf, time required to record as well as presenting an
Information and also the cost of purchasing books, News paper and Journals and Magazines,
uneasy returning of books to the library.
Lack of effectiveness in their methods of
record keeping, further compounds the problem.
OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The project aims and objectives that will be achieved after
completion of this project are discussed in this subchapter. The aims and
objectives are as follows:
To resolve book issue
To Request column for librarian for
providing new books
To create A separate column for
To provide Student login page where
student can find books issued by him/her and date of return.
To provide A search column to search
availability of books
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The significance of this study was to
help and give a benefit to the concernedgroup below.
This study will be beneficial to the
Students and Staff:Through computerized library system, they can easily
find the booksthat they are looking for without going through the traditional
way of searching a librarymaterial. Convenience is more visible for it is not
time-consuming, resulting to a numberof accomplished works.
Librarian:The computerized library system would
improve the monitoring capacities of those who maintain the library. It would
be easier to determine whether a particularbook is on-shelf or not. In
addition, they can easily identify when will the borrowedmaterial be returned
and if a borrower has failed to return the book on its due date.Furthermore,
the librarian would be much guided when it comes to recognizing newinventory
books, letting them arrange it promptly and accordingly.
LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
of academic materials.
of financial support
of programming software such as Visual Basic 6, and .Net.
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This research work
will concentrate on Master entry (i.e. Department, course, student
registration, etc…), Users (Registration and login details), Serial control,
Transaction, records, tools and about menu which includes handling of some
queries like; updating library record, deleting library record and searching for
student and staff information via Rank, Department or ID as the case may be. It
is a case study of Spring Light Technology Library, Akwa Ibom State.
OF THE STUDY
During the process of data
collection, information relating to Library Management System was obtained from
IBOM E - LIBRARY. The information was collected from the
admin staff during the course of my industrial attachment. Hence, it is assumed
that all the data collected are correct and contains no false information.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Library: It is a department
in an organization that deals with
tracks of book issued, returned and added to library.
Management: It is the
co-ordination of all the resources of an
through the process of planning,
directing and controlling
System:Physical component of a computer
that is used to perform certain task.
Data: Numbers, Text or image which is
in the form suitable for
Storage in or
processing by a computer, or an incomplete
Information: A meaning full
material derived from computer
data by organizing
it and Interpreting it in a
Input: Data entered into a computer for
storage or processing.
produced from a computer after processing.
Information System: A set of
interrelated components that
retrieve), process, store and
information to support decision
making and control in an
Management System: A
library management system, also known as an automated library system is
software that has been developed to handle basic housekeeping functions of a
COMPUTER:-Computer is an electronic device that
accepts data as Input, processes data and gives out information as output to
SOFWARE:-Software is set of related programs that
are designed by the manufacturer to control the hardware and to enable the
computer perform a given task.
HARDWARE:- Hardware is a physical part of a
computer that can be touched, seen, feel which are been control by the software
to perform a given task.
DATABASE:- Database is the collection of related
data in an organized form.
PROGRAMMING:- programmingisa set of coded
instruction which the computers understands and obey.
TECHNOLOGY:-Technology is the branch of knowledge
that deals with the creation and use technical and their interrelation with
life, society and the environment, drawing upon such as industrial art,
engineering, applied science and pure science.
7. Algorithm : A set of logic rules determined during the design phase
of a data matching application. The ‘blueprint’ used to turn logic rules into
computer instructions that detail what step to perform in what order.
Application: The final combination of software and
hardware which performs the data matching.
Data matching database: A structured collection of records or data that is stored in a computer
Data cleansing: The
proactive identification and correction of data quality issues which affect an
agency’s ability to effectively use its data.
Data integrity : The quality of correctness, completeness and complain with the intention
of the creators of the data i.e ‘fit for purpose’
Enrollment : The process of an individual to enroll aith
an agency. Involves the initial collection of identifying details.