This project is on
the production of paint from the available materials. The first process involved was the sourcing
of the available material which include calcium carbonate (dotonute) water
etc. the next step is the proper
production procedure. The same product patterns was employed while the
production was valued with a view to obtain a high quality paint.
From the result
obtained, it was observed that high quality paint was produced in production
category C(3), consisting of 10kg water, 0.1kg titanium dioxide (TiO2), 0.3kg teranol, 0-3 ethylene
glycol 0.3kg welting agent, 0.1kg defrayer, 0.2kg thickness 10kg CaCO3, 4kg
PVA, 2kg NH3 and 0.5kg white spirit.
The above fact was
ascertained by subjecting the various paint produced from different production
procedure to quality control test. The
quality of this paint in production category C(3) was, opacity 2 coat, PH 8,
drying time 1 hour, chalking 190 cycle scrubs, PVA 20%, viscosity 3.8 poises
and binder gravity 1.17 and its quality marched with the Standard Organization
of Nigeria (SON) approved quality.
Historical review of
Types of paints
Raw materials for
Quality control test
formulation of paint
Method of production
Standard quality of
Until recently, paint
production was regarded as art, and use was made of it principally for
decorative purposes. The production then
was by trial and error with no standard principle and little or no regard to
the quality of the final product. With
the application of science in the production of paint, product of high quality
is now possible. This time, not only to
give appearance but more importantly for surface protection. Thus, modern paint industry firm a small but
important part of the chemical industry.
It is closely related to the plastics, and petroleum industries and like
then is based on modern knowledge of chemistry, physical and engineering.
THE PURPOSE OF THE
PROJECT RESEARCH WORK
The purpose of this
work is to make use of available source materials in the production of Emulsion
Paint, test the properties of the paint and its performance against weather,
and thus set a standard for future works.
SCOPE OF PROJECT RESEARCH
Paints is classified
according to its application and functions ie. Varishers, leaguers, fillers
etc. Emulsion paint which is a water based paint is
principally used for external and internal surface coatings, mostly in building
for appearance and as a surface protector.
Apart from their protective action, vanushers, and leaguers increases
the protective action of manufactured goods.
The process involved
in paint production, qualities and performances of emulsion paint in particular
are largely dependent on the properties of its constituents and the ratios of
these constitutions include pigments, pigment extenders, additives and
vehicles. Failure to make proper formulation
before production causes deterioration and film degradation.
production from available materials must meet the present need for a high
standard of performance so as to cater satisfactorily for the needs of the
society, at a particular paint in time and to demonstrate a credible record of
an ability to challenge external and future influences.