The study was conducted to identify the challenges in
administering the Cross River State
Ministry of Agriculture, Nigeria. All the staff of the
ministry constituted the population for the
study. A proportionate sampling technique was used in
selecting respondents, with twenty
percent (20%) of respondents from each of the departments.
Thus the total sample size for the
study was one hundred and thirteen (113) respondents.
Percentages, mean and frequency were
used in the presentation and analysis of the data collected.
The result of the study showed that the
majority of staff (85.5%) were married and 64.5% of
respondents were males; the mean age of
staff was 43.85%. About 43.5% of the respondents had
Bachelor of science (B.Sc) as their
highest educational qualification, above average (55.3%) of
the staff specialized in agricultural
science related discipline.
Results revealed that the State government (85.5%) was the
major source of funding, and 80.9% indicated that fund was
insufficient. They agreed the
approved budget was three hundred and sixty nine million,
four hundred and nineteen thousand,
three hundred and sixty five hundred, forty one kobo (N
367,419,365.41) rather than a proposed
budget of one billion, five hundred and sixty eight million,
six hundred and twenty two thousand,
eight hundred and sixty three naira, zero kobo
(N1,568,622,863.00) for different departments.
The ministry is understaffed by three hundred and fifty
seven persons (357) and lacks
infrastructure as only buildings for offices was indicated
as available (71.8%) and functional
(62.7%) by respondents. Major constraints identified from
this result were: poor funds for
purchase of equipment (M=2.18), improper and inadequate
staffing (M=1.55), insufficient
electricity supply (M=2.49), inadequate funding of State
ministry’s interrelationship activities
(M=2.54). Results also show that the State ministry had weak
linkage with universities (M=1.31)
and the research institutes (M=1.37). Suggestions to address
the challenges are: increased
budgetary allocation (54.5%), training and retraining of
staff (58.2%), constant recruitment
(36.4%), funding for research work and facilities (32.7%).