Translate this page

comparative analysis of yam and cassava enterprises in essien udi...

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF YAM AND CASSAVA ENTERPRISES IN ESSIEN UDIM LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF AKWA IBOM STATE



This research project material is available: COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF YAM AND CASSAVA ENTERPRISES IN ESSIEN UDIM LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF AKWA IBOM STATE



Download Complete Research Project Material on COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF YAM AND CASSAVA ENTERPRISES IN ESSIEN UDIM LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF AKWA IBOM STATE



Project Category:
Type: Project Topics | Project Topics and Materials | List of Project Topics | Research Project Materials | Journals | Thesis | Articles | Online Project Materials | Business Plan | Final year project topic| Format: Ms Word| Attribute: Documentation Only| Pages: 65 Pages| Chapters: Complete Research work from Chapter 1 to 5; All chapters | Price: ₦ 5,000.00



Call or whatsapp: +2347063298784 or email: allprojectmaterials.com

Download Post (MsWord)


Download Post (PDF)


Download complete Chapters



COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF YAM AND CASSAVA ENTERPRISES IN ESSIEN UDIM LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF AKWA IBOM STATE



CHAPTER ONE

1.0                                   INTRODUCTION

  • Background to the Study

The agricultural sector has always been an important component of Nigeria economy with over 70 percent of the population engaged in agriculture and agricultural related activities (Obasi & Agu, 2000). The sector is almost entirely dominated by small scale resource poor farmers living in rural areas, with farm holdings of 1-2 hectares, which are usually scattered over a wide area.

Yam and cassava production are major enterprises in agriculture and are becoming increasingly popular owing to greater appreciation of their food value. Yam and cassava are staple food crops, being the source of daily carbohydrate intake for a large populace of the world (FAO, 1990). The carbohydrates are mostly starchy in nature, found in storage organs, which may be enlarged roots or tubers (O’ Hair, 1990). Yam and cassava are the most important of all the arable food crops grown in the southern agro-ecological zones of Nigeria, closely followed, inorder of economic importance by maize and rice. They were regarded as food mainly for the poor, and hence played a very minor role in international trade. This misconception has lingered for so long because of lack of appreciation of the number of people who depend on these crops, and the number of lives that have been saved during famine or disasters by these crops (FAO, 1990).

Yam and cassava are often the main dietary staple for low income consumers. They are grown by farmers as subsistence crops on small plots of land ranging from two to twenty hectares depending on the region. In Africa, yam and cassava are usually subsistence crops grown mainly as food, so the farmers keep sufficient to feed his family and sells only the surplus. However there is now a growing commercial market for them.

Comparing the output of various crops in Nigeria, cassava production ranked first, followed by yam product at 27 million tonnes in 2002 (FAO 2004). Yam and cassava are important not only as food crops but even more as major sources of income for rural households. Their use in some industries as livestock feed is well known but is gradually increasing. They have become prominent in the industrial sector of the economy. As food crops, yam and cassava have some inherent characteristics, which make them attractive, especially to small holder farmers in Nigeria. First, they are rich in carbohydrates especially starch and consequently have multiplicity of end users. Secondly, they are available all the year round making it preferable to other more seasonal crops such as grains, peas, beans, and other crops for food security. Moreover, yam and cassava are tolerant to low soil fertility and highly resistant to drought, pests and diseases.

  • Problem Statement

The problems faced by the farmers, traders, etc. are enormous despite the fact that some root/tuber crop enterprises are economically viable. Agriculture is practiced by a large proportion of Nigerians but most of them operate on small holdings (Adegeye and Dittoh,1985). As a matter of fact, land is the only input of great importance and it can constitute a serious problem to farm growth where there is need for expansion (Heady and Olayide, 1982)

Women constitute some proportion of labour input in root/tuber crops production besides yam and cassava in the study area. However, the low level of education and illiteracy amongst the farmers constitute a hindrance to agricultural productivity. This made farmers to make little or no use of the improved varieties of root and tuber crops. These problems have called for the need of extension agents and government agencies to teach and extend new technologies and modern methods of farming to the rural farmers.

The adoption of new innovations by the farmers is important if they are to achieve increased agricultural production and higher income.The low profitability of certain root and tuber crops affects their production and also, lack of involvement of youths in root/tuber crops affects their production invariably.

Production uncertainties, which are mostly environmental factors, also play asignificant role in crop production (Adegeye and Dittob, 1983).Crop failure can result if rain does not fall at all under rain fed agriculture, or if it does not fall at the tight time. There may on the other hand, be excessive rainfall like in the South Eastern states of Nigeria which can cause erosion and leaching of the soil nutrients, landing to low output. There may also be outbreak of pests and diseases which could wipe out a whole crop farm and livestock production. These random forces are the bad luck of farming and they manifest themselves in low yields, (Olayide, 1982).

The farmers have no access to credit facilities from the banks and other financial institutions because they are mostly poor farmers. This makes it difficult for the banks to give credit facilities to the farmers as aresult of lack of security in form of collaterals.

The following research questions were raised to be answered in the course of the study:

  1. What are the socio-economic characteristics of yam and cassava farmers in the study area?
  2. How can input usage and output produced by the farmers be determined?
  3. How can the gross margin analysis of yam and cassava enterprises be determined?
  4. What are the major constraints faced by yam and cassava enterprises?

 

1.3     Objectives of the Study

The broad objective of the study was to carry out a comparative analysis of yam and cassava enterprises in Essien Udim Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State. However, the specific objectives were to:

  1. Examine the socio-economic characteristics of the respondents in the study area.
  2. Determine the input usage and output produced by yam and cassava enterprises in the study area.
  3. Determine the gross margin analysis of yam and cassava enterprises in the study area.
  4. Determine the major constraints to yam and cassava production in the study area.

 

1.4     Hypotheses of the Study

The followinghypothesis were tested in the study.

Ho –   Factors like labour, quantity of planting materials, farm size, quantity of fertilizer, quantity of herbicides, capital inputs influencing yam/cassava production have no significant impact/effect on the output of yam/cassava

H1 –       Factors like labour, quantity of planting materials, farm size, quantity of fertilizer, quantity of herbicides and capital input influencing yam/cassava production have significant impact/effect on the output of yam/cassava.

 

1.5     Justification of the Study      

The study is expected to provide information that would equip yam and cassava producers and potential yam and cassava producers with the idea of what it takes to have a profitable yam and cassava enterprises. Also, the study would serve as an addition to existing knowledge and as a useful secondary information source to government, policy makers and future researchers in the country to help in agricultural planning. Students and researchers carrying out study on yam and cassava production would benefit adequately from the findings and recommendations made.

1.6     Organization of the Study

This work on Comparative Analysis of Yam and Cassava Enterprises in Essien Udim Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State ,“Contains Five Chapters.

Chapter one contains introduction, chapter two reviewed related literature, chapter three contains research methodology, chapter four deals with the presentation and discussion of results, chapter five contains summary, conclusion and recommendation.

Citation - Reference

All Project Materials Inc. (2020). COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF YAM AND CASSAVA ENTERPRISES IN ESSIEN UDIM LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF AKWA IBOM STATE. Available at: https://researchcub.info/department/paper-6863.html. [Accessed: ].

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF YAM AND CASSAVA ENTERPRISES IN ESSIEN UDIM LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF AKWA IBOM STATE


Delivery Assurance: This Project material is delivered within 15-30 Minutes. Click below to download complete material.


Download Complete Project Material

Call: +2347063298784

Hire a Writer

Department

Search Word Tags:


A Review on comparative analysis of yam and cassava enterprises in essien udim local government area of akwa ibom state, cassava, enterprises, analysis, research journals and thesis, researchcub.info, agricultural engineering project topics.
Yam and cassava production are major enterprises in agriculture and are becoming increasingly popular owing to greater appreciation of their food value. Yam and cassava are staple food crops, being the source of daily carbohydrate intake for a large populace of the world (FAO, 1990). The carbohydrates are mostly starchy in nature, found in storage organs, which may be enlarged roots or tubers (O’ Hair, 1990). Yam and cassava are the most important of all the arable food crops grown in the southern agro-ecological zones of Nigeria, closely followed, inorder of economic importance by maize and rice. They were regarded as food mainly for the poor, and hence played a very minor role in international trade. This misconception has lingered for so long because of lack of appreciation of the number of people who depend on these crops, and the number of lives that have been saved during famine or disasters by these crops (FAO, 1990). Yam and cassava are often the main dietary staple for low income consumers. They are grown by farmers as subsistence crops on small plots of land ranging from two to twenty hectares depending on the region. In Africa, yam and cassava are usually subsistence crops grown mainly as food, so the farmers keep sufficient to feed his family and sells only the surplus. However there is now a growing commercial market for them... Click here for more

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF YAM AND CASSAVA ENTERPRISES IN ESSIEN UDIM LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF AKWA IBOM STATE - Research Journals and Thesis - Researchcub.info

Excellent and Professional research project topics, ideas and materials Website - researchcub.info

Undergraduate Project Topics, economics project topics, marketing project topics, business administration project topics, engineering project topics, computer science project topics, banking & finance project topics, education project topics, law project topics, sciences project topics, public administration project topics, political science project topics, mathematics project topics, medical science project topics, mass communication project topics, research projects, geology project topics, marketing project topics, agriculture project topics, Browse Thousands of Final Year Project Topics, hire a writer, Research Works and Materials, Project topics and materials in Nigeria, Undergraduate Project Topics, Research Works and Materials, research topics, research project materials, complete project materials, computer science project material, free project topics, complete projects, accounting topics, small business topics, entrepreneurship topics, project materials, Nigerian undergraduate projects, business administration projects, computer science topics and projects, MBA Nigerian project topics, human resources, small businesses, entrepreneurship projects, economics projects, impacts projects, effect projects, university projects, polytechnic projects, investigate projects, political science projects, mass communication projects, project topics, human resource projects, education projects, French topics, project analysis, French projects, project tips, project abstract, project proposals, project bibliography, project reference, project seminar, forex, TSA, treasury single account, currency, naira, devaluation, undergraduate projects, final project research, marketing project topics, statistics project topics, mathematics project topics, statistics, mathematics, research projects, project thesis, labour force theses, NCE, OND, HND, BTECH, BSC, MBA, MSC, English projects, linguistic project topics, Free Project topics and materials in Nigeria, research topics, reseach project materials, computer science project material, free, complete, accounting topics, small business topics, materials, nigeria projects, business administration projects, computer science topics and projects, MBA nigeria project topics, human resources, small business, entrepreneurship projects, economics projects, impact projects, effects projects, training, budgets, ghana, university, polytechnic, browse Free project materials and topics in Nigeria, accounting and finance project materials, business administration project materials and topics, human resources, entrepreneurship, computer science and engineering project materials and topics, Accounting project topics, Accounting project topics and materials, Agricultural Economics Project Topics and Materials, Agricultural Science Projects topics and materials, All Project topics and materials, Architecture Project topics and materials, Aviation project topics and materials, Banking & Finance Projects topics and materials, Biology project and materials, Building project topics and materials, Business Administration & Management Projects topics and materials, Chemical Engineering Project Topics and materials, Civil Engineering Projects topics and materials, Communication & mass communication art project topics and materials, Computer Engineering Project Topics and materials, Computer Science Projects topics and materials, Criminology project topics and materials, Economics Research Projects topics and materials, Education Project Topics and Materials, Electrical Engineering Projects and materials, English Education & English Language Project topics and materials, Food Science project topics and materials, Geology Project Topics and materials, Guidance Counseling Project Topics and materials, History project topics and materials, Home Economics Project Topics and Materials, Human Resource Projects topics and Materials, Industrial Chemistry Projects topics and materials, Insurance Projects topics and materials, Law project topics and materials, Library and information science project topics and materials, Marine and Transport management project topics and materials, Marketing Projects topics and materials, Mathematics project topics and materials, Medical Sciences Project Topics and materials, Microbiology project topics and materials, Nursing and Midwifery project topics, Nursing and Midwifery project topics and materials, Optometry or nursing project topics and materials, Petroleum Engineering project topics and materials, Pharmacy project topics and materials, Philosophy project topics and materials, Photography project topics and materials, Physical and Health Education project topics and materials, Physiology project topics and materials, Political science project topics and materials, Project topics and materials, Psychology project topics and materials, Random project, Religious and Cultural Studies Project Topics and Materials, Sociology and Anthropology Project topics and materials, Sociology Project Topics and materials, Tourism project topics and materials, Vocational education project topics and materials COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF YAM AND CASSAVA ENTERPRISES IN ESSIEN UDIM LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF AKWA IBOM STATE-cassava- enterprises- analysis- Research Journals and Thesis | Researchcub.info