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Relationship between educational facilities and academic performance of pupils in Ondo North Senatorial District, Nigeria primary school



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Relationship between educational facilities and academic performance of pupils in Ondo North Senatorial District, Nigeria primary school



ABSTRACT

The study investigated the relationship between school facilities and students’ academic performance in selected secondary schools in Shomolu Local Government Area of Lagos State. In this study relevant literature review was carried out. The survey research design was used in order to assess the opinions of the respondents with the use of the questionnaire. A questionnaire was designed by the researcher and validated by the supervisor and was administered to the respondents to collect needed data. A total of 120 respondents comprising 60 male and 60 female students were sampled for the study. Two null hypotheses were formulated and tested in this study. The Pearson Product Moment Correlation and independent t-test statistical tools were applied in testing the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance.

At the end of the analysis, the following results emerged:

(1)         There was a significant relationship between school facilities and students’ academic performance in the schools.

(2)         There was a significant difference between the academic performance of students who attended schools where there were facilities and those whose schools did not have facilities.

These results were discussed and recommendations were made based on the findings.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page                                                                                           i

Certification                                                                                                 ii

Dedication                                                                                          iii

Acknowledgements                                                                                      iv

Abstract                                                                                             v

Table of contents                                                                               vi

 

CHAPTER ONE:    INTRODUCTION                                                   1

Background to the Study                                                                       1

Statement of the Problem                                                                     3

Purpose of the Study                                                                            4

Research Questions                                                                              5

Research Hypotheses                                                                            6

Significance of the Study                                                                      6

Scope of the Study                                                                               7

Definition of Terms                                                                              8

 

CHAPTER TWO:    LITERATURE REVIEW                                          9

Meaning of Education Facilities                                                              9

Education Facilities and Planning                                                           11

Maintenance of School Facilities                                                             15

Physical Facilities and Students’ Academic Performance                            21

Humans Resources and Students’ Academic Performance                          22

The Role of Educational Resource Centers in Students’ Academic Performance  24

Summary of Review                                                                              27

 
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY                                 29

Introduction                                                                                        29

Research Design                                                                                  29

Population of the Study                                                                        29

Sample and Sampling Technique                                                            29

Research Instrument                                                                            30

Validity and Reliability of Research Instrument                                        30

Procedure for Data Collection                                                                31

Data Analysis Procedure                                                                        31

 

Chapter Four:      RESULTS AND DISCUSSION                                32

Demographic Characteristics of the Participants                                      32

Answers to Research Questions                                                             33

Hypotheses Testing                                                                                       39

Summary of Findings                                                                            41

Discussion of Findings                                                                          41

 

CHAPTER FIVE:    SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND

RECOMMENDATIONS                                           44

Introduction                                                                                        44

Summary of the Study                                                                          44

Recommendations                                                                                45

Conclusion                                                                                          46

References                                                                                          48

Appendix                                                                                            50

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background to the Study

Facility means the system which supports the operation of an organisation or an institution to carry its daily activities and to promote growth and development in such organisation or institution.

Facility refers to the entire environment of the school or an organisation, it refers to both the physical and material resources available to the students and teachers in the school to facilitate the learning - teaching process. The classrooms; the libraries and the laboratories for sciences are the three main areas of facilities identified in the school system or environment (Onyeji, 2000)

Yeloye (2002) states that in terms of the availability of the libraries as one of the school facilities, a great many of our secondary schools have no functional libraries, and where some libraries are found, there are no new or current books that are relevant to the current secondary school programmes. In effect there are no library facilities in most of the secondary schools in Nigeria, especially in Lagos State.

The importance and uses of the library cannot be under-rated. Libraries and books give great assistance to both the teachers and the learners. In a situation whereby our secondary school students are left with no choice to make their text books as the only source of knowledge, the danger of exposing them to obsolete knowledge in old books donated by the British Council several years ago as one normally finds in the old secondary schools should not be overlooked. According to Dada (2004), any one who is familiar with secondary school classrooms in Nigeria, especially in Lagos State, will agree that no meaningful teaching/learning activities can effectively take place in most of them, even if teachers are God-sent and the learners are celetial pack of highly intelligent personalities, the problem is that where there are classrooms, they are overcrowded to the extent that rooms originally meant for between 30 and 40 students, take between 60 and 80 students with a good number of them sitting on windows. In this situation, neither the teacher nor the students can move freely as expected in our secondary school classrooms. This is why many teachers do not give assignments to such large number of students regularly as expected. And this has affected students academic performance drastically.

On science laboraories, Olarewaju (2004) claims that only few schools have science laboratories which are well equipped to carry out scientific experiments in courses such as biology, physics, and chemistry. A good number of schools teach biology or chemistry as if they are non-science subjects without laboratory. Some other schools teach the three branches of science without laboratories in the hope that they would use other schools’ laboratories during their examinations or compel students to contribute money for purchase of science equipment through the Parent-Teachers Association (PTA). It should be noted that the greatest failure rate is in the sciences because our schools lack the essential science materials but rather, resort to the theoretical science without the use of laboratory. The contention is that the nation has been unfair not only to students in our secondary schools but also to herself. This s because no nation can develop technologically through theoretical teaching of science subjects, under poor educational facilities, no meaningful teaching and learning can take place, and the normal refrain in the educational circle is that all is well with our secondary schools.

Statement of the Problem

The importance of school facilities or amenities in the development and growth of the educational sector cannot be overemphasized. Many schools in Nigeria today do not have certain school facilities that can make teaching and learning to be easier and enjoyable to both the teachers and the students.

Often times, there has been a constant outcry of the inadequate provision or non-provision of the school facilities, especially, the laboratories, the classrooms (buildings) and the libraries which are the main school facilities that aid teaching and learning, for example due to lack of necessary equipment in the school, teachers in the science fields find it difficult to experiment and carryout practical teaching in the school, and the resultant effect is that most science students fail their science related subjects in the external and internal examinations.

Citation - Reference

All Project Materials Inc. (2020). Relationship between educational facilities and academic performance of pupils in Ondo North Senatorial District, Nigeria primary school. Available at: https://researchcub.info/department/paper-6704.html. [Accessed: ].

Relationship between educational facilities and academic performance of pupils in Ondo North Senatorial District, Nigeria primary school


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The study investigated the relationship between school facilities and students’ academic performance in selected secondary schools in Shomolu Local Government Area of Lagos State. In this study relevant literature review was carried out. The survey research design was used in order to assess the opinions of the respondents with the use of the questionnaire. A questionnaire was designed by the researcher and validated by the supervisor and was administered to the respondents to collect needed data. A total of 120 respondents comprising 60 male and 60 female students were sampled for the study. Two null hypotheses were formulated and tested in this study. The Pearson Product Moment Correlation and independent t-test statistical tools were applied in testing the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. .. Click here for more

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