Translate this page

effect of improvisation of biology instructional materials on stu...

Effect of improvisation of biology instructional materials on students of ilesa east local government of osun state



This research project material is available: Effect of improvisation of biology instructional materials on students of ilesa east local government of osun state



Download Complete Research Project Material on Effect of improvisation of biology instructional materials on students of ilesa east local government of osun state



Project Category:
Type: Project Topics | Project Topics and Materials | List of Project Topics | Research Project Materials | Journals | Thesis | Articles | Online Project Materials | Business Plan | Final year project topic| Format: Ms Word| Attribute: Documentation Only| Pages: 62 Pages| Chapters: Complete Research work from Chapter 1 to 5; All chapters | Price: ₦ 5,000.00



Call or whatsapp: +2347063298784 or email: allprojectmaterials.com

Download Post (MsWord)


Download Post (PDF)


Download complete Chapters



Effect of improvisation of biology instructional materials on students of ilesa east local government of osun state



ABSTRACT

This study was to find out the need of improvisation in the teaching and learning of Biology.  This study was carried out with five secondary schools selected randomly from Egor Local Government Area of Edo State.  The questionnaire was the research instruments used for the study.  A total of one hundred (100) students responded to the questionnaire.  The data obtained were analyzed using mean and simple percentages.  The result obtained showed that improvisation presents next to real situation to the student in the absence of the real thing.  It was then concluded that improvisation of instructional materials is necessary for quick and perfect understanding of Biology concept.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Title page                                                                                         i

Approval                                                                                         ii

Dedication                                                                                       iii

Acknowledgement                                                                         iv

Abstract                                                                                           vii

Table of Contents                                                                            viii

CHAPTER ONE:  INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study                                                               1

Statement of the Problem                                                               6

Purpose of the Study                                                                      7

Research Questions                                                                         8

Significance of the Study                                                                8

Scope and Delimitation                                                                  10

Definition of Terms                                                                        11

CHAPTER TWO:  LITERATURE REVIEW

What is Improvisation?                                                                  14

History of Improvisation                                                               18

The Rationale for Improvisation                                                   20

Factors affecting Improvisation                                                     23

Guiding Principles to be observed                                                         25

Materials of Improvisation                                                            29

Merits of Improvisation                                                                 30

Problems and Prospects of Improvisation                                    32

CHAPTER THREE:  METHODOLOGY

Research Design                                                                             36

Population of Study                                                                        36     

Sample and Sampling Technique                                                 36

Research Instrument                                                                       37

Validity of Instrument                                                                    38

Reliability of Instrument                                                                38     

Administration of Instrument                                                       38

Method of Data Analysis                                                               39

CHAPTER FOUR:  DATA ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION

Data Analysis and Interpretation                                                 40     

Discussion of Results                                                                      48

CHAPTER FIVE:  SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND

                             RECOMMENDATIONS

Summary                                                                                         50

Conclusion                                                                                                52

Recommendations                                                                          53     

References                                                                                        56

Appendix                                                                                         58     

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study

          Science education must seek to permit the individual to develop to the fullest his capacities for adjustment and continuous change in order that he may meet the problems of his day and solve them successfully when they arise.  Biology, the study of living things is a science which has developed methods of its own.  The structural complexity of the organisms themselves, the multiplicity of functions occurring simultaneously in organism’s body and the inter-relationship between the organisms and their environment have led to methods of study unique to this particular science.  Jean Bremner (2000) stated that the methods are characterized by the art of scientific investigation in relation to pupils’ study of new specimen, the experimental approach to biological science in relation to experiment carried out by the individual study.  These are necessary for the effective transfer and permanent communication of biological knowledge.

          Practical experience in any science for that matter is crucial for proper understanding of any principle and application of the knowledge in that subject for cognitive growth and technological orientation and advancement.  In appreciation of this fact, Lee (1999) emphasized that if biology is to perform the above role of improving the society, then the biology teacher must do the following:

1.     Choose the best materials to present to students.

2.     Try new roles, materials and strategies.

3.     Make use of individual instruction.

Therefore activities such as collecting of materials, observing, recording observations, classifying and carrying out field work should be well encouraged.  The method for achieving this is through visual instruction.  It was the original method in biological science when the naturalist devoted his study to organisms as he found them in nature.  The result of his work, he wrote down to be passed on to others.  The knowledge was finally put in form of books.  As the study of biology becomes more popular in schools, and number of students increased, it becomes more difficult to study original materials.  Part of this difficulty comes by the use of laboratory, preserved materials and chart and models.  But the pressure of larger number of students and increasing cost caused this situation to be abandoned most times.  Miller and Blaydes (2001) asserted that the result has been that an increasing proportion of biology teaching has been done from books and lecture notes.  This situation to a large extent is responsible for the poor performance in the senior secondary school certificate examinations conducted by West African Examination Council.  In Nigeria, the educational system has been facing a lot of critical problems amongst which are increasing enrolment, shortage of qualified teachers, absence of laboratories and in many cases presence of laboratories but acute shortage of necessary teaching and learning materials.

          The Federal Government of Nigeria through the Federal Ministry of Education with the assistance of UNESCO in 1998 established a science equipment centre to provide course for science teachers and laboratory assistants.  The provision of this centre though laudable has been inadequate.  Teachers of biology and other sciences therefore have to acquire and develop skills of producing teaching materials.  This is what improvisation is all about.  It is the process of providing quickly in time of need, using whatever happens to be available, the materials and equipment for facilitating the teaching of biology.  Otitoju (2000) opined that in biology teaching nature presents a rich laboratory because specimens of plants and animals are abundant around us, however equipment needed for capturing animals.  Performing physiological experiment, timing experiment or processes as well as some specimens which are available have to be improvised using locally available materials and a little imagination.  The essential qualities of any improvised teaching aid are accuracy, realism, comprehensibility and interest.

          To make teaching more meaningful, teaching materials should be used and student should have equipment to work with.  Students should be made to learn by carrying out experiments and other practical aspects of study themselves using any of the methods of science teaching and not just through verbalism.  Too much verbalism encourages authoritarian approach and makes learning difficult and uninteresting.

Statement of the Problem

          It is an indispensable fact that knowledge of biology is highly relevant in the world today.  Bearing this in mind therefore, effective and efficient study is very important in the primary (as integrated science) secondary and tertiary institutions of learning.  The optimum value of biology has been greatly reduced due to the array of problems that its teaching and learning face over the years.

          The problem of this study is the non use of instructional materials in the teaching of biology influenced by lack of creative improvisation of teaching materials on the part of the teachers.  This situation may be one of the factors that cause poor performance of students in biology examinations like the Senior Secondary Certificate Examinations (SSCE).

          Thus, this research is designed to investigate the effect of improvisation of instructional materials on student’s performance in biology.

Purpose of the Study

          The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of improvisation of instructional materials in the teaching of biology in secondary schools and also to examine the effect of instructional materials on the performance of students in biology.  The study will also identify those factors militating against effective use of instructional materials during biology lessons.

 

Research Questions

i.                   Does the absence of adequately equipped biology laboratories influence learner’s performance in biology?

ii.                Are teachers aware of the importance of improvisation of instructional materials?

iii.             Does the use of instructional materials makes teaching and learning interesting and lively?

iv.             Does teaching aids create motivation on the parts of the students?

v.                Does the use of instructional materials create a good environment by increasing learning rate/outcome.

Significance of the Study

          The act of teaching without instructional materials in an abstract way will not yield positive and meaningful result in any learning environment.  But when interacting with real or almost real designed materials, students understanding of concepts and principles would be greatly facilitated.  It is pertinent to note that this study would help to enlighten all stakeholders in the education sector on the relevance of instructional materials.  This study would achieve this by highlighting the benefit of improvisation in the teaching and learning process as well as citing the disadvantages of its unavailability.

          To teachers, this study would help them devise, utilize and maximize the use of improvised teaching materials in order to attain set down educational objectives as they relate to biology.  To the students the use of instructional materials would benefit them as they would be motivated to learn biology and understand its concept easily.  Learning biology would become more interesting to the students as the abstract concept and phenomenon in biology would be turned into real life or almost real life situation.  The policy makers and educational administrators would benefit from this work as they would know the various factors militating against the optimal implementation of the educational policies and curriculum, thus knowing how to checkmate these factors.

          Finally, this research work would serve as a blue print to educational administrators and stakeholders on ways to improve on the diverse skills of improvising instructional materials and subsequently seeing improvisation as a means of making instructional materials available in our schools.

Scope and Delimitation

          There are many aspects of scientific knowledge amongst which are physics, chemistry, biology, mathematics, etc.  This research work will concentrate on the biological aspects.  This study will also be limited to the improvisation of biological materials and its effect, but will not consider the method of teaching.

          This study is intended to cover public secondary schools within Egor Local Government Area of Edo State.  Secondary schools will be randomly selected and samples will be drawn from these schools in the course of the study.

Definition of Terms

1.     Biology:  A science devoted to the study of life and living organisms be it plant, animals or even organisms too small to be seen by the human eye.

2.     Science:  The systematic study of anything that can be examined, tested and verified.

3.     Improvisation:  Making effective use of locally available materials to achieve pre-determined educational objectives.

4.     Biology Teacher:  A person who has professional training in teaching qualification ranging from National Certificate of Education (NCE), Bachelor of Education (B.Ed) in Biology or one who has post-graduate Diploma in education (PGDE).

Citation - Reference

All Project Materials Inc. (2020). Effect of improvisation of biology instructional materials on students of ilesa east local government of osun state. Available at: https://researchcub.info/department/paper-6632.html. [Accessed: ].

Effect of improvisation of biology instructional materials on students of ilesa east local government of osun state


Delivery Assurance: This Project material is delivered within 15-30 Minutes. Click below to download complete material.


Download Complete Project Material

Call: +2347063298784

Hire a Writer

Department

Search Word Tags:


A Review on effect of improvisation of biology instructional materials on students of ilesa east local government of osun state, materials, study, biology, research journals and thesis, researchcub.info, biology project topics.
This study was to find out the need of improvisation in the teaching and learning of Biology. This study was carried out with five secondary schools selected randomly from Egor Local Government Area of Edo State. The questionnaire was the research instruments used for the study. A total of one hundred (100) students responded to the questionnaire. The data obtained were analyzed using mean and simple percentages. The result obtained showed that improvisation presents next to real situation to the student in the absence of the real thing. It was then concluded that improvisation of instructional materials is necessary for quick and perfect understanding of Biology concept... Click here for more

Effect of improvisation of biology instructional materials on students of ilesa east local government of osun state - Research Journals and Thesis - Researchcub.info

Excellent and Professional research project topics, ideas and materials Website - researchcub.info

Undergraduate Project Topics, economics project topics, marketing project topics, business administration project topics, engineering project topics, computer science project topics, banking & finance project topics, education project topics, law project topics, sciences project topics, public administration project topics, political science project topics, mathematics project topics, medical science project topics, mass communication project topics, research projects, geology project topics, marketing project topics, agriculture project topics, Browse Thousands of Final Year Project Topics, hire a writer, Research Works and Materials, Project topics and materials in Nigeria, Undergraduate Project Topics, Research Works and Materials, research topics, research project materials, complete project materials, computer science project material, free project topics, complete projects, accounting topics, small business topics, entrepreneurship topics, project materials, Nigerian undergraduate projects, business administration projects, computer science topics and projects, MBA Nigerian project topics, human resources, small businesses, entrepreneurship projects, economics projects, impacts projects, effect projects, university projects, polytechnic projects, investigate projects, political science projects, mass communication projects, project topics, human resource projects, education projects, French topics, project analysis, French projects, project tips, project abstract, project proposals, project bibliography, project reference, project seminar, forex, TSA, treasury single account, currency, naira, devaluation, undergraduate projects, final project research, marketing project topics, statistics project topics, mathematics project topics, statistics, mathematics, research projects, project thesis, labour force theses, NCE, OND, HND, BTECH, BSC, MBA, MSC, English projects, linguistic project topics, Free Project topics and materials in Nigeria, research topics, reseach project materials, computer science project material, free, complete, accounting topics, small business topics, materials, nigeria projects, business administration projects, computer science topics and projects, MBA nigeria project topics, human resources, small business, entrepreneurship projects, economics projects, impact projects, effects projects, training, budgets, ghana, university, polytechnic, browse Free project materials and topics in Nigeria, accounting and finance project materials, business administration project materials and topics, human resources, entrepreneurship, computer science and engineering project materials and topics, Accounting project topics, Accounting project topics and materials, Agricultural Economics Project Topics and Materials, Agricultural Science Projects topics and materials, All Project topics and materials, Architecture Project topics and materials, Aviation project topics and materials, Banking & Finance Projects topics and materials, Biology project and materials, Building project topics and materials, Business Administration & Management Projects topics and materials, Chemical Engineering Project Topics and materials, Civil Engineering Projects topics and materials, Communication & mass communication art project topics and materials, Computer Engineering Project Topics and materials, Computer Science Projects topics and materials, Criminology project topics and materials, Economics Research Projects topics and materials, Education Project Topics and Materials, Electrical Engineering Projects and materials, English Education & English Language Project topics and materials, Food Science project topics and materials, Geology Project Topics and materials, Guidance Counseling Project Topics and materials, History project topics and materials, Home Economics Project Topics and Materials, Human Resource Projects topics and Materials, Industrial Chemistry Projects topics and materials, Insurance Projects topics and materials, Law project topics and materials, Library and information science project topics and materials, Marine and Transport management project topics and materials, Marketing Projects topics and materials, Mathematics project topics and materials, Medical Sciences Project Topics and materials, Microbiology project topics and materials, Nursing and Midwifery project topics, Nursing and Midwifery project topics and materials, Optometry or nursing project topics and materials, Petroleum Engineering project topics and materials, Pharmacy project topics and materials, Philosophy project topics and materials, Photography project topics and materials, Physical and Health Education project topics and materials, Physiology project topics and materials, Political science project topics and materials, Project topics and materials, Psychology project topics and materials, Random project, Religious and Cultural Studies Project Topics and Materials, Sociology and Anthropology Project topics and materials, Sociology Project Topics and materials, Tourism project topics and materials, Vocational education project topics and materials Effect of improvisation of biology instructional materials on students of ilesa east local government of osun state-materials- study- biology- Research Journals and Thesis | Researchcub.info